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EMT-B Emer Care 11th

Chpt. 4 The Human Body

anatomy the study of body structure
psysiology the study of body function
anatomical position body standing,facing observer, with arms down at the sides, palms forward
plane a flat surface formed when slicing through an object
midline an imaginary line drawn down the center of the body, dividing it in two halves
medial toward the midline of the body
lateral to the side, away from the midline of the body
bilateral on both sides
mid-auxillary line line drawn verticaly from middle of the armpit to the ankle
anterior the front of the body or body part
posterior the back of the body or body part
ventral referring to the front of the body synomym
dorsal back of the body synomym
superior toward the head
inferior away from the head
proximal closer to the torso
distal farther away from the torso
torso the trunk of the body, body without the head and trunk
palmar the palm of the hand
planter the sole of the foot
mid-clavicular line the line trough the center of each clavicle
adominal qadrants four divisions of the abdomen used to pinpoint the location of injury:RUQ,LUQ,RLQ,LLQ
supine lying on back
prone lying face down
recovery position lying on th side
fowlers position sitting position
trendelenburg position patients feet and legs are higher than the head
musculoskeletal system system of bones and skeletal muscles that support and protect the body and permit movement
skeleton the bones of the body
muscle tissue that can contact to allow movement of a body part
ligament tissue that connects bone to bone
tendon tissue that connects muscle to bone
skull the bony structure of the head
cranium the top back and sides of the skull
mandible the lower jawbone
maxillae two fused bones forming the lower jawbone
nasal bones the nose bones
orbits the bony structures around the eyes
zygomatic arches form the structure of the checks
vertebrae the 33 bones of the spinal column
thorax the chest
sternum the breastbone
manubrium the superior portion of the sternum
xiphoid process the inferior portion of the sternum
pelvis the basin-shaped bony structure that supports the spine and is the point of proximal attatchment for the lower extremities
ilium the superior and widest portion of the pelvis
ischium the lower, posterior portion of the pelvis
pubis medial anterior portion of the pelvis
acetabulum the pelvic socket in which the ball at the proximal end of the femur fits to form the hip joint
femur the large bone of the thigh
patella the kneecap
tibia the medial and larger bone of the lower leg
fibula the lateral and smaller bone of the lower leg
malleolus protrusion on the side of the ankle
tarsals the ankle bones
metatarsals the foot bones
calcaneus the heel bone
phalanges the toe bones and finger bones
clavicle the collarbone
scapula the shoulder blade
acromion process the highest portion of the shoulder
acromioclavicular joint the joint where the acromion and the clavicle meet
humerus bone of the upper arm between the shoulder and the elbow
radius the lateral bone of the forearm
ulna the medial bone of the forearm
carpals the wrist bones
metacarpals the hand bones
joint the point where two bones come together
voluntary muscle muscle that can be consciously controlled
involuntary muscle muscle that responds automaticly to brain signals but cannot be consciously controlled
cardiac muscle specialized involuntary muscle found only in the heart
automaticity the ability of the heart to generate and conduct electrical impulses on its own
respiratory system system of nose, mouth, throat, lungs and muscles that brings oxygen into the body and expels carbon dioxide
oropharynx the area directly posterior to the nose
pharynx the area directly posterior to the mouth and nose, and is made up of the oropharynx and the nasopharynx
epiglottis leaf shaped structure that prevents food and foreign matter from entering the trachea
larynx the voice box
cricoid cartilage the ring shaped structure that forms the lower portion of the larynx
trachea windpipe; structure that connects the pharynx to the lungs
lungs the organs where exchange of atmospheric oxygen
Created by: Marti