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Nursing Funds Mod A

Nursing Funds

TermDefinition
Pathogen Microorganisms capable of producing disease
Examples of reservoirs Humans, animals, insects, food, and water
Virulence Ability of an organism to produce disease rapidly
Infection Invasion of the body by pathogenic microorganisms that reproduce and multiply
Examples of ports of exit and entry Skin, mucous membranes, respiratory tract, urinary tract, gastrointestinal tract, reproductive tract, blood
Symptomatic Pathogens multiply and cause clinical signs and symptoms
Examples of modes of transmission Direct or indirect contact, contaminated items, and insects
Microorganisms Microscopic entities, such as bacteria, viruses, and fungi, capable of carrying on living processes
Asymptomatic Pathogens multiply and clinical signs and symptoms are not present
Elements of the chain of infection Infectious agent, reservoir, port of exit, mode of transmission, port of entry, and host
Infectious agents Microorganisms, including bacteria, viruses, fungi, and protozoa
Communicable disease Any disease transmitted from one person/animal to another by direct or indirect contact or by vectors
Colonization Presence and multiplication of microorganisms without tissue invasion or damage
Susceptibility Individual's degree of resistance to pathogens
Immunity Inability to acquire disease either through natural or artificial means
Localized infection Wound infection with symptoms such as pain, tenderness, and redness
Systemic infection Infection that affects the entire body instead of a single organ or part
Defenses against infection Normal floras, body system defenses, and inflammation
Inflammatory response events Vascular and cellular response, inflammatory exudates, and tissue repair
Normal floras Bacteria in the body that contribute to maintaining health if residing in the usual area of the body
Suprainfection Secondary infection usually caused by an opportunistic pathogen
Inflammation Protective vascular reaction that delivers fluid, blood products, and nutrients to an area of injury
Antigen Foreign material that enters the body
Health care–acquired infection (HAI)
Created by: Smccunn