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GI/Bowel Terms

QuestionAnswer
Defecation The process of excreting feces from the rectum through the anus; a bowel movement
Dehydration The excessive loss of water from tissues
Diarrhea The frequent passage of liquid stools
Enema The introduction of fluid into the rectum and lower colon
Fecal Impaction The prolonged retention and buildup of feces in the rectum
Fecal Incontinence The inability to control the passage of feces and gas through the anus
Colostomy a surgically created opening between the colon and the body surface
Constipation The passage of a hard, dry stool
Feces The semi-solid mass of waste products in the colon that is expelled through the anus
Stool Feces
Flatulence The excessive formation of gas or air in the stomavch and intestines
Flatus Gas or air passed through the anus
Ileostomy A surgically opening between the ileum (small intestine) and the body's surface
Ostomy A surgically created opening that connects an internal organ to the body's surface
Peristalsis The alternating contraction and relaxation of intestinal muscles
Stoma A surgically opening seen on the body surface
Suppository A cone-shaped, solid drug that is inserted into a body opening; it melts at body temperature
Hyperglycemia high blood sugar
Jaundice Yellowish color of the skin or whites of the eyes
Anorexia Loss of appetite
Aspiration Breathing of fluid, food, vomitus, or an object into the lungs
Dysphagia Difficulty Swallowing
Edema the swelling of body tissues with water
Created by: dkayes