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Neuropsychology

Test Revision

QuestionAnswer
3 functions of the nervous system? 1. Pass information from the PNS to the CNS (CNS). 2. Communicate information from the body's organs, muscles and glands to the CNS via sensory neurons. (PNS) 3. Responsible for voluntary movement of the skeletal muscles. (SNS)
Spinal reflex? A sensory stimulus that triggers a reaction. eg knee jerk
What is the somatic nervous system? Responsible for voluntary movement of skeletal muscles.
What is the autonomic nervous system? Responsible for the involuntary movement of our internal organs (eg digestion,)
What is the sympathetic nervous system? Stimulates fight or flight response. Regulates body's unconscious actions.
What is the parasympathetic nervous system? Maintains everyday bodily functions. Returns body to homeostasis after flight or fight response is activated.
What is the function of the Dendrite? Detects and receives information from other neurons and passes that information to the soma.
What is the function of the nucleus? Contains biochemical information to keep the neuron functioning.
What is the function of the soma? Determines whether a neuron will be activated and sent a message.
What is the function of the Myelin Sheath? Insulates axon which helps deliver messages.
What is the function of the Axon? Tube like fluid that transmits information from the soma to other cells in the body.
What is the function of the Schwann Cell? Form the myelin sheaths of nerve fibres
Axon terminal? Branches at end of axon containing sacs of neurochemicals.
What do sensory neurons do? Send signals to the senses, skin, muscles and internal organs to the CNS.
What do motor neurons do? Transmit commands from the CNS to the muscles, glands and organs.
What do interneurons do? Transmit impulses between other neurons (eg reflex)
Frontal lobe? Motor function, problem solving, personality, memory and language.
Primary motor cortex? Motor function (movement)
Parietal Lobe? Processe sensory information.
Primary somatosensory cortex? Receives info about the senses and helps us detect these senses.
Broca's area? Muscles that help coordinate production of speech
Occipital lobe? Processes visual info
Cerebellum? Muscle tone, balance, posture and coordination. Stores these procedural memories?
Temporal lobe? Registers hearing
Wernicke's area understanding of written and spoken language.
What is parkinson's disease? A disease of the nervous system which is marked by a tremor, muscular rigity and slow, imprecise movement.
Created by: zarap103