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Drug Classifications

Drug Classifications, suffixes, and prefixes

TermDefinition
cef- Cephalosporins (antibiotics) ex. cefadroxil, cefaclor
ceph- Cephalosporins (antibiotics) ex. cephalexin, cephapirin
rifa- Antituberculars ex. rifamate, rifampin
sulf- Sulfonamides (antibiotics) ex. sulfadiazine, sulfamethazole
-acetone Potassium- sparing diuretics ex. aldactone, spironolactone
-ane General anesthetics ex. cyclohexane, ethane, flourane
-ase Thrombolytics (clot-busters) ex eminase, retavase
-azole Antifungals ex. butoconazole, econazole
-azosin Alpha blockers (adrenergic antagonist) ex. doxazosin, prazosin
-barbital Barbiturates (sedative hypnotics) ex. amobarbital, pentobarbital
-caine Local anesthetics ex. bupivacaine, cocaine
-calci Calcium & vitamin D supplements ex. calciferol, calcitrol
-ciclovir Antivirals ex. famiclovir, ganiclovir
-curium Neuromuscular blockers
-curonium Neuromuscular blockers ex. pancuronim, pipercuronium
-cycline Tertracyclines (antibiotics) ex. demeclocycline, doxycycline
-cyclovir Antivirals ex. acyclovir, valacyclovir
-dipine Calcium channel blockers ex. amlodipine, felodipine
-dronate Biphosphonates ex. alendronate, etidronate
-ergot- Ergotamines (anti-migrane) ex. ergotamine, dihydroxyergotamine
-floxacin Flouroquinolones (antibiotics) ex. ciproflaxin, gatifloxacin
-lam Benzodiazepines (anxiolytics) ex. alprazolam, midazolam
-lol Beta blockers (adrenic antagonists) ex. atenolol, propanolol
-lone Corticosteroids (anti-inflammatory) ex. methylprednisolone, prednisolone
-micin Aminoglycosides (antibiotics) ex. gentamicin
-mycin Aminoglycosides/Macrolides (antibiotics) ex. erythromycin, tobramycin
-navir HIV/AIDS antivirals ex. aprenavir, indinavir
-pam Benzodiazepines (anxiolytics) ex. diazepam, lorazepam
-prazole Proton pump inhibitors (anti-ulcer) ex. lansoprazole, omeprazole
-pril ACE inhibitors (antihypertensives) ex. benazepril, captopril
-profen NSAIDS (anti-inflammatory) ex. fenoprofen, ibuprofen
-quine Antiparasitics ex. chlroquine, melfloquine
-sartan Angiotensin-II receptor antagonists ex. losartan, valsartan
-setron 5-HT receptor antagonists (antiemetics) dolansetron 3
-sone Corticosteroids (anti-inflammatory) ex/ cortisone, prednisone
-stigmine Cholinergics ex. neostigmine, physotigmine
-stine Antineoplastics (anti-tumor) ex. lomustine, vinblastine
-terol Bronchodilators ex. albuterol, bitolterol
-thiazide Potassium-losing diuretics ex. benzthiazide, hydrochlorothiazide
-tidine H receptor antagonist (anti-ulcer) ex. cimetidine, famotidine 2
-triptan Anti-migraines ex. naratriptan, rizatriptan
-triptyline Tricyclics (antidepressants) ex. amitriptyline, nortriptyline
-vastatin Antilipemics (anti-cholesterol) ex. atorvastatin, lovastatin
-vir Antivirals ex. abacivir, zanamivir
-vudine HIV/AIDS antivirals ex. lamivudine, stavudine
-zine Phenothizines (antipyschotics, antiemetics) ex. chlorpromazine, perphenazine
-zoline Nasal decongestants ex. oxymetazoline, zylometazoline
Created by: Zeus13
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