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Psych Meds & SE

Mental Health Meds and

QuestionAnswer
What is the clasification of Tofranil (Imipramine)? Tricyclic Antidepressant
What is the clasification of Anafranil (Clomipramine)? Tricyclic Antidepressant
What is the clasification of Elavil (Amitriptyline)? Tricyclic Antidepressant
What is the clasification of Norpramine (Desipramine)? Tricyclic Antidepressant
What is the clasification of Sinequan (Doxepin)? Tricyclic Antidepressant
What is the clasification of EMSAM? MAOI
What is the clasification of Nardil(Phenelzine)? MAOI
What is the clasification of Parnate (Tranylcypromine)? MAOI
What is the clasification of Xanax (Alprazolam)? Benzodiazepine
What is the clasification of Valium (Diazepam)? Benzodiazepine
What is the clasification of Ativan (Lorazepam)? Benzodiazepine
What is the clasification of Klonopin (Clonazepam)? Benzodiazepine
What is the clasification of Librium (Chlordiazepoxide)? Benzodiazepine
What is the clasification of Serax (Oxazepam)? Benzodiazepine
What is the clasification of Lithium (Lithobid, Eskalith)? Antimanic
What is the clasification of Geodon (Ziprasidon HCL)? Atypical Antipsychotic
What is the clasification of Zyprexa (Olanzapine)? Antimanic
What is the clasification of Depakote (Divalproex)? Anticonvulsant
What is the clasification of Neurontin (Gabapentin)? Anticonvulsant
What is the clasification of Lamictal (Lamotrigine)? Anticonvulsant
What is the clasification of Tegretol (Carbamazepine)? Anticonvulsant
What is the clasification of Ritalin (Methylphenidate)? Psychostimulant
What is the clasification of Cylert (Pemoline)? Psychostimulant
What is the clasification of Dexedrine (Dextroamphetamine)? Psychostimulant
What is the clasification of Concerta (Methylphenidate HCL)? Psychostimulant
What is the clasification of Adderall (Amphetamine Sulfate)? Psychostimulant
What is the clasification of Vynase (Lisdexamphetamine dimesylate)? Psychostimulant
What is the clasification of Strattera (Atemoxitine)? Psychononstimulant
What is the clasification of Invega (Paliperidone)? Atypical Antipsychotic
What is the clasification of Abilify (Aripiprazole)? Atypical Antipsychotic
What is the clasification of Seroquel (Quetiapine)? Atypical Antipsychotic
What is the clasification of Zyprexa (Olanzapine)? Atypical Antipsychotic or Antimanic
What is the classification of Risperdal (Risperidone)? Atypical Antipsychotic
What is the classification of Clozaril (Clozapine)? Atypical Antipsychotic
What is the classification of Cogentin (Benztropine Mesylate)? Antiparkinson
What is the classification of Artane (Trihexyphenidyl)? Antiparkinson
What is the classification of Symmetrel (Amantadine HCL)? Antiparkinson
What is the classification of Benadryl (Diphenhydramine HCL)? Antiparkinson
What is the classification of Haldol (Haloperidol)? Typical Antipsychotic or Neuroleptic
What is the classification of Prolixin (Fluphenazine)? Typical Antipsychotic or Neuroleptic
What is the classification of Thorazine (Chlorpromazine)? Typical Antipsychotic or Neuroleptic
What is the classification of Stelazine (Trifluoperazine)? Typical Antipsychotic or Neuroleptic
What is the classification of Mellaril (Thioridizine)? Typical Antipsychotic or Neuroleptic
What is the classification of Cymbalta (Duloxetine HCL)? SSRI
What is the classification of Lexapro (Escitalopram oxalate)? SSRI
What is the classification of Prozac (Fluoxetine)? SSRI
What is the classification of Celexa (Citalopram Hydrobromide)? SSRI
What is the classification of Paxil (Paroxetine)? SSRI
What is the classification of Zoloft (Sertraline)? SSRI
What is the classification of Luvox (Fluvoxamine)? SSRI
Common Side Effects of Atypical Antipsychotics Increased Prolactin Levels, Somnolence, Weight Gain (via appetite stimulation), Sexual Dysfunction, and Metabolic Syndrome (ex: DM II - Abnormal patterns of blood Lipids - Enhanced risk of heart disease, Frische p. 689)
Life Threatening Side Effect of Clozaril Agranulocytosis (decreased WBCs)
Common Side Effects of Typical Antipsychotics (Neuroleptics) Akathisia, Akinesia, Pseudo Parkinsonism, Dystonia, Tardive Dyskinesia
Life Threatening Side Effects of Typical Antipsychotics (Neuroleptics) Severe Muscle Rigidity, Altered Consciousness, Stupor, Hyprexia(> 106 F), Labile Pulse / BP, Coma > Death. Aka NMS (Neuro Malignant Syndrome)
Common Side Effects of Antiparkinsons Dry mouth, Blurred Vision, Constipation, Urinary Retention, Increased Heart Rate
Acute Common Side Effects of SSRIs Nausea, Fatigue, HA, Tremor, Nervousness, dry mouth
Chronic Common Side Effects of SSRIs Day time fatigue, Insomnia, Major Side Effects: Sexual Dysfunction, Weight Gain
Life Threatening Side Effects of SSRIs Confusion > disorinetation, Restlessness - Agitation, Tachycardia, Fever > 104 F, Shivering, Sweating, Tremors/muscle Spasms, Rigidity, Coma > Death; *Hypertension (Joy)/Hypotension (Frische, p 695). aka Serotonin Syndrome
Common Side Effects of TCAs Dry mouth, Postural Hypotension, Constipation, Urinary retention, Blurred Vision, Weight Gain, Extreme Sedation
Life Threatening Side Effects of TCAs Lethal in Overdose and Confusion > disorinetation, Restlessness - Agitation, Tachycardia, Fever > 104 F, Shivering, Sweating, Tremors/muscle Spasms, Rigidity, Coma > Death; *Hypertension (Joy)/Hypotension (Frische, p 695). aka Serotonin Syndrome
Common Side Effects of MAOIs Dry mouth, Postural Hypotension, Constipation, Urinary retention, Blurred Vision, Weight Gain, Extreme Sedation
Life Threatening Side Effects of MAOIs Hypertensive Crisis (is severe hypertension with acute impairment of an organ system (especially the central nervous system, cardiovascular system and/or the renal system)
Common Side Effects of Benzodiazepines Drowsiness, loss of coordination, fatigue, mental slowing or confusion, addiction/dependence
Common Side Effects of Antimanics Lethargy, Muscle weakness, fine hand tremors, nausea-vomiting-diarrhea
Life Threatening Side Effects of Antimanics Agitation, confusion, blurred vision, slurred speech, fever, arrhythmias, hypotension, seizures, spasticity, coma (aka Lithium Toxicity)
Common Side Effects of Anticonvulsants Dizziness, Drowsiness, Nausea-vomiting, Sedation, Insomnia, Ataxia
Life Threatening Side Effects of Anticonvulsants Fatal Hepatitis, Fatal cardiovascular complication, Fatal Pancreatitis
Common Side Effects of Psychostimulants Growth effects, Tics, Delayed sleep onset, reduced appetite, Abdominal Pain, Weight Loss, Jitteriness, Headache, Anxiety, Irritability, Sadness, Overfocusing
Will lower the effectiveness of antipsychotics Tagamet (Cimetidine)
Administration of this may result in severe hypotension if given to pts taking Thorazine (Chlorpromazine) Epinephrine
Akathisia Pt describes: feeling antsy, inability to sit still, may be pacing the floor; is not frightened
Anxiety Pt expresses thoughts of worry or concerns, having fears (even if unable to state the source of the worry), often accompanied by somatic symptoms
Agitation Pt exhibits escalating anger or anxiety, vocalizes concerns/complaints, Possible demonstrating destructive behavior
Lethal if taken in overdose Tricyclic Antidepressants
Surgery is dangerous for persons on MAOIs because of the potential inadvertent administration of this common postoperative pain medication Demerol (Meperidine)
Persons taking MAOIs must be alerted that this common OTC medication must be avoided Dextromethorphan
Administration of this medication can relieve the symptoms of Dystonia Benadryl (Diphenhydramine HCL)
This can result in patients taking SSRIs when exposed to polypharmacy Serotonin Syndrome
Administration of this medication requires avoiding foods containing Tyramine MAOIs
This medication is associated with Stevens-Johnson syndrome (a toxic epidermal rash that is life threatening) Lamictal
Blood Serum levels of Lithium at this level indicate toxicity 1.5 - 3.5 mEq/L
Blood Serum levels of Lithium at this level indicate a therapeutic level 0.4 - 1.0 mEq/L
Patients taking psychostimulants must be carefully monitored for these side effects Height and weight to detect growth suppression
Created by: nursenubie
 

 
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