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Respiratory System

TermDefinition
Alveoli An air cell of the lungs
Apnea lack of breathing
Tachypnea Respiratory rate over 20
Bradypnea Respiratory rate below
Bronchi Either of the two main branches of the trachea
Bronchioles Small branch of the bronchus
Epiglottis Cartilage structure the covers the glottis during swallowing - this prevents food from going into the lungs
Exhalation to breath out
Flow Rate The amount of oxygen being administered
Hypoxia Cells do not have enough oxygen
Hypoxemia Low oxygen levels in the blood
Symptoms of hypoxia Restlessness, confusion
Piece of equipment that measures the the percentage of oxygen in the blood Pulse Oximeter
Orthopnea Breathing deeply and comfortably ins sitting position
Orthopnic position sitting up and leaning over a table to breath
Inhalation to breath in
Respiration Breathing in and out
Nasal cannula Piece of equipment with two prongs inserted into the nasal passages to administer oxygen
Mask Oxygen delivery equipment that covers the moth and nose
Cyanosis bluish color to the skin, lips, mucous membranes. and nail beds. Result of oxygen deprivation to these cells
Dyspnea difficult of painful breathing
Cheyne-Stokes Breathing A pattern of breathing that includes slowing of the rate of breathing and periods of apnes
The most common cause of respiratory disorders Smoking, environmental pollunants
The portion of the lungs that is affected by Emphysema Alveoli
How are the alveoli affected when a person has Emphysema Air is trapped, the alveoli are less elastic.
Barrel Chest The appearance of the chest as a result of air being trapped in alveoli
The portion of the respiratory system affected by chronic bronchitis The Bronchi
What happens to the body when a person has astma The air ways become narrowed and inflammed
Symptom of Bronchitis Dry morning cough that later becomes productive
How is TB spread?` Droplets
Created by: dkayes