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Cell Vocab

Biology cell parts vocabulary

TermDefinition
Cytoplasm gel-like substance inside the cell, where cell processes (chemical reactions) occur, 80% water.
Lysosome Cell's landfill, digest food molecules, cell waste, and worn out cell parts.
Cell Wall Tough structure that surrounds and protects plant cells, gives cell shape, made of cellulose.
Rough Endoplasmic Reticulum That portion of the endoplasmic reticulum studded with ribosomes
Nucleolus Manufactures the proteins that make up the ribisomes, round in the nucleus.
Cilia A short cellular appendage specialized for locomotion, formed from a core of nine outer doublet microtubules and two inner single microtubles ensheathed in an extension of plasma membrane.
Golgi complex Manufactures the proteins that make up the ribsomes, found in the nucleus
Vacuole Temporarily stores food, water, waste; rather large in plant cells
Plasma membrane Cells security system, surrounds and protects the cell, controls what enters and exits the cell.
Smooth Endoplasmic Reticulum Breaks down toxins and is free of ribsomes
Mitochondria Cell energy dam, stores and releases cell's energy. "powerhouse"
Cytoskeleton Framework for the cell, helps to maintain shape or change shape of cell
Flagella A long cellular appendage specialized for locomotion, formed from a core of nine outer doublet microtubles and two inner single microtubles, in-sheathed in an extension of plasma membrane.
Endoplasmic Reticulum Cell's railroad track, moves material around in the cell, smooth-no ribosomes, rough-has ribosomes
Chloroplast Green organelle, in plant cells, photosynthesis, captures energy from the sun to make glucose.
Nucleus Control center of cell, contains directions for the entire cell, DNA is found here. Surrounded by a nuclear membrane
Ribosome Protein factories, makes proteins, some float freely in the cytoplasm and others are attached to the ER
Created by: SnakeEnglish