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Cells Vocabulary

Vocabulary words for our cell unit

TermDefinition
cell the basic unit of structure and function in an organism
cell theory the theory that states that all living things are made up of cells, that cells are the basic units of organisms, that each cell in a multicellular organism has a specific job, and that cells come only from existing cells
prokaryote an organism whose cells lack a nucleus and some other cell structures
eukaryote an organism with cells that contain nuclei and other cell structures
unicellular a type of organism that is made up of a single cell
multicellular a type of organism that is made of many cells
organelle one of the small bodies that are found in the cytoplasm of a cell and that are specialized to perform a specific function
cytoplasm the region of a cell made of a gel-like material that contains the cell organelles
cell membrane covers the cell's surface and acts as a barrier between the inside of the cell and the cell's environment
cell wall the boundary that surrounds the cell membrane in some cells (found in plants)
nucleus the dense area in a eukaryotic cell that contains nucleic acids, the chemical instructions that direct the cell's activities
vacuole a large sac-like storage area in a cell
mitochondria the site of cellular respiration which makes energy for the cell
chloroplast the structure of plant cells in which food is made
endoplasmic reticulum help to produce, process, and transports proteins in the cell and also helps to make fats
golgi body helps make and package materials to be transported out of the cell
ribosome a tiny structure located in the cytoplasm of a cell where proteins are made
lysosome a cell organelle that contains digestive enzymes
Created by: asnow