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NRTC 54 Geri 1

QuestionAnswer
Medical specialty that deals with the physiology of aging and with the diagnosis of treatment of diseases affecting older adults Geriatrics
The study of all aspects of the aging process. Gerentology
Fear of aging and the refusal to accept older adults into the mainstream of society. Gerontophobia
Dislike of aging and older people. Ageism
When were baby boomers born? 1946-1964
Private apartments that are purchased or rented. This is paid for out of pocket and 24 hour care is not available. Independent or Assisted-Living Centers
Large initial investment and substantial monthly rental and service fees, older persons or couples are then guaranteed a residence for life. Life-Lease or Life-Contract Facilities
High demand apartments for low income, high crime rate and a waiting list of 1-2 years is common. Government-Subsidized Housing
Two or more unrelated people share a household where they have private rooms, but share a recreational and leisure area. Group Housing
Facility that provides room and board , assistance with ADLs, medications, yearly exams, information and referrals, leisure activities, and recreational or therapeutic programs. Community-Based Residential Facility
Provide room and board, personal care, medical and nursing services. Nursing Homes
3 Levels of Care offered in Extended Care Facilities Skilled Care, Intermediate Care, and Custodial Care
Most intense care in Extended Facilities Skilled care: involves IV therapy, wound care, PT/OT, ST
Federal government program offered to those 65 and older or those completely and permanently disabled. Medicare
Medicare that covers hospital stays and extended care in a skilled nursing facility following hospitalization. Medicare Part A
Medicare that covers necessary ambulance rides, outpatient surgery, therapy, and DME. Medicare Part B
Advantage Plan Medicare Part C
Prescription Coverage Medicare Part D
Transfers decision making authority to a designated person for health care. Durable Power of Attorney
Informs the physician how the pt wishes to die. 2 physicians must agree to this in writing that the necessary criteria are met. Living Will
Failure to provide for self. Self-Neglect
Action that causes physical pain or injury. Physical ABuse
Passive; Failure to provide for the needs of the older person under care Neglect
Resources of an older person are stolen or misused by a person that the older adult trusts. Financial Abuse
When a dependent older person is deserted by the person (s) responsible for their custody or care. Abandonment
Attempt to explain the physical changes of aging. Biologic Theory
Attempt to explain why older adults have different responses to the aging process. Psychosocial Theory
Having many medications Polypharmacy
SBAR Situation, Background, Assessment, Recommendation
What is the purpose of health screenings? Identify older individuals who are in need of further assessment.
How do you establish rapport with your pt? INTRODUCE yourself. Determine and focus on the problem most important to the pt FIRST.
Edentulous No teeth.
Sense of hearing to detect sounds produced within the body. Auscultation
Sense of touch using fingers and hands to obtain data Palpation
Normal temp. range 96.8
Normal range for respirations. 12-20 breaths/min
normal pulse rate range 60-100 beats/min
Standardized psychological assessment tool used to assess cognition. Mini-Mental State Examination
Assesses residents' core areas of function, identify caregiver problems, develop intervention plans and monitor outcomes. (Done on Admission) Minimum Data Set
How often should a type 2 diabetes screening be done? Every 3 years for those with an elevated BP, overweight adults, or those with other risk factors.
Comprehensive Eye Exams should be done: every 1-2 years, yearly for those with diabetes.
A colonoscopy should be done: every 10 years after age 50
When are clinical breast examinations done? Yearly after age 40
Mammograms are done: every 2 years between age 50 and 74.
Cholesterol screenings should be done: every 5 years.
Prostate Exams are performed at age 50 or age 45 for African Americans Or a family hx of prostate cancer.
Created by: ASwopes