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9th Environmental Sc

JORGE - Chapter 1-Section 2 OUTLINE Page 1-2

QuestionAnswer
GARRETT HARDIN SHORT TERM LONG TERM TRAGEDY OF THE COMMONS: In his essay, ecologist ____________ ___________ argued that the main difficulty in solving environmental problems is the conflict between the ______ _______ interests of the individual and the ______ ______ welfare of society
ANIMALS TRAGEDY OF THE COMMONS: It was in the best interest of the individual to put as many _________ in the commons as possible.
DESTROYED TRAGEDY OF THE COMMONS: However, if too many grazed on the commons, they ___________ the grass and everyone suffered because no one could animals on the commons .
CLOSED TRAGEDY OF THE COMMONS: The commons were eventually replaced by _____________ fields owned by individuals.
OVERGLAZING TRAGEDY OF THE COMMONS: Owners were now careful not to put too many animals on their land, because _____________ ____________ wouldn't allow them to raise as many animals next year.
DEPLETED TRAGEDY OF THE COMMONS: Hardins point being that someone or some group must take responsibility for maintaining a resource or it will become _____________
NATURAL RESOURCES TRAGEDY OF THE COMMONS: Hardins point can be applied to our modern commons, ___________ ________
SOLVE TRAGEDY OF THE COMMONS: We can ________ environmental problems by planning by planning, organizing, considering the scientific evidence, and proposing a solution.
LAW OF SUPPLY AND DEMAND ECONOMICS AND THE ENVIRONMENT: The ___ __ ______ _____ _______ is a law of economics that states as the demand for a good or service increases, the value or the food or service also increases.
OIL ECONOMICS AND THE ENVIRONMENT: An example is the word ____ production.
HIGH ECONOMICS AND THE ENVIRONMENT: The cost of environmental solutions can be _____.
COST-BENEFIT ANALYSIS ECONOMICS AND THE ENVIRONMENT: A ______ - ______ - _______ balances the cost of the action against the benefits one expects from it.
TAXPAYER ECONOMICS AND THE ENVIRONMENT: The results depend on who is doing the analysis. Often, environmental regulations are passed on to the consumers or __________.
RISK ECONOMICS AND THE ENVIRONMENT: One of the cost of any action is the _______ of an undesirable outcome.
RISK ASSESSMENT ECONOMICS AND THE ENVIRONMENT: _____ _________ is a tool that helps us create cost effective ways to protect our health and environment.
PUBLIC ECONOMICS AND THE ENVIRONMENT: To come up with an effective solution to an environmental problems and solution a society can make.
WEALTH RESOURCES DEVELOPED AND DEVELOPING COUNTRIES: The unequal distribution of ________ and __________ around the world influence the environmental problems and solutions a society can make.
DEVELOPED DEVELOPED AND DEVELOPING COUNTRIES: ___________ countries have higher income, slower population growth, diverse industrial economies, and stronger social support.
DEVELOPING DEVELOPED AND DEVELOPING COUNTRIES: _______________ countries have lower average incomes, simple agriculture-based communities, and rapid population growth.
GROWING DEVELOPED AND DEVELOPING COUNTRIES: The human population in some areas is ______________ too quickly for the local environment to support.
FASTER DEVELOPED AND DEVELOPING COUNTRIES: People are using up, wasting, or polluting many natural resources _______ than they can be renewed, replaced, or cleaned up.
POPULATION DEVELOPED AND DEVELOPING COUNTRIES: When the ____________ in a area grows rapidly, there may not be enough natural resources for everyone to live a healthy, productive life.
EXTINCTION DEVELOPED AND DEVELOPING COUNTRIES: In severely over populated regions, forests are stripped bare , topsoil is exausted, and animals are driven to _____________
THREATS DEVELOPED AND DEVELOPING COUNTRIES: In these areas, malnutrition, starvation, and disease can be constant _________
STARVING DEVELOPED AND DEVELOPING COUNTRIES: In developing countries, millions of people are starving ___________
FASTEST DEVELOPED AND DEVELOPING COUNTRIES: Yet these human populations tend to grow the _________.
PACE DEVELOPED AND DEVELOPING COUNTRIES: Food production, eduction, and job creation cannot keep _____ with the population growth, so each person gets fewer resources as time goes by.
DEVELOPED DEVELOPED AND DEVELOPING COUNTRIES: To support the higher quality of life, _________ countries are using much more of Earths resources.
75 20 DEVELOPED AND DEVELOPING COUNTRIES: Developed nations use about __ percent of the worlds resources, although they make up only __ percent of the worlds population.
COMMONS TRAGEDY OF THE COMMONS:: THE EXAMPLE HE USED WAS THE_________ OR THE AREAS OF LAND THAT BELONGED TO THE WHOLE VILLAGE.
Created by: asimien907