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GS module 1

apolgia, exploring creation with general science

TermDefinition
Science Accumulating and classifying observable facts
Imhotep an ancient man renowned for his knowledge of medicine
Poppy A flower
Poppy seeds contain pain relieving chemicals
Morphine a pain relieving chemical found in poppy seeds
Codeine a pain relieving chemical found in poppy seeds
Papyrus An Ancient form of paper, made from the plant papyrus
Thales A 6th century scientist who studied the Heavens/space
Anaximander A 6th century scientist who studied life of all kinds
Anaximenes A 6th century scientist who studied Air
Atoms Make up everything. Developed by the Ancient Greeks
Leucippus a Greek scientist who lived around 100 to 150 years after Anaximenes, an built on his works
Democritus studied atoms and density
Density describes how tightly packed the matter is packed in a substance
Aristole called the father of life science. he wrote about philosophy, mathematics, logic, and physics
Classification filing, organizing, and ordering scientific facts in a reasonable, and systematic way
Alexander the Great the king of Macedon
Spontaneous generation the idea that living organisms can be spontaneously formed from non-living substances
Archimedes lived 100 years after Aristole, he was a notable mathematician
Ptolemy lived 100 years after Christs birth, studied the heavens
Ptolemy system Ptolemy's view of the stars and planets
Geocentric system Ptolemy's theory that the earth is in the center of the universe
Evolution the process by which different kinds of living organisms are thought to have developed and diversified from earlier forms during the history of the earth
Alchemy finding a means to transform an inexpensive substance into gold or a precious substance
Chemical reaction when one, or more substances interact to form one, or more new substances
Dark ages the time of the Roman Empire
Encyclopedias large volumes of scientific observations and speculations
Constellations patterns of stars
Supernova essentially the explosion of a star
Nebula a cloud of dust and gas
Robert Grosseteste A roman Catholic Bishop, who inquried to the reason behind the scientific facts, known as the father of the Scientific method
Heliocentric system the theory in which the Sun is the Center of the universe
Roger Bacon A theologian who believed the more people about Science, the more the would learned about God
Thomas Bradwardine Questioned the teachings of the Roman Catholic Church, and he ousted the works of Aristole
Nicholas of Cusa studied the planets and stars, broke free from Ptolemy's ideas
Nicholaus Copernicus invented the heliocentric system, wrote books, and changed the way science was done
Copernican system Also known as the heliocentric system, invented by Nicholaus Copernicus
Andereas Vesalius wrote and illustrated a book about the "insides" of the human body
Johannes Kepler made observations of the heavens, introduced the idea the the planets travel in Ellipses
Foci the singular of focus
Galileo Galilei worked with telescopes, discovered that planets only reflect the light of the sun,
Blaise Pascal wrote "Pascals wager", was a mathematician and scientist
Atmospheric pressure assumes the air we breathe exerts pressure on everything
Ellipse a sort of an oval
Dietrich Von Friberg Explained the scientific phenomenon of the rainbow
Sir Issac Newton a brilliant man that invented the three laws of motion
Robert Boyle the founder of modern chemistry
Antoni Leeuwenhook a chemist who invented the microscope
Microscope an optical instrument used for viewing very small objects
The Enlightenment 1735 A.D to 1820 A.D
Carolus Linnaeus wrote a book the classified all living creatures that had been studied
Antonie-Laurent Lavoisier studied Chemical reactions
Law of Mass Conservation the idea that matter cannot be created or destroyed only, it can only change forms
Atomic theory invented by John Dalton, the idea of atoms
Combustion the process of burning
Industrial Revolution industrialization marked a shift to powered, special-purpose machinery, factories and mass production.
Charles R. Darwin invented the immutability of species, natural selection, and advanced the theory of Evolution
immutability of species The idea that each individual species on the planet was specially created by God and could never fundamentally change. The idea that species were immutable by many pre-Darwin biologists
Natural Selection the process whereby organisms better adapted to their environment tend to survive and produce more offspring
Louis Pasteur A chemist the destroyed the idea of Spontaneous generation
Pasteurization subject (milk, wine, or other products) to a process of partial sterilization,
geology The study of rocks
Sir Charles Lyell Sir Charles Lyell was the most famous lawyer and geologist of his time. He wrote " Principles of Geology"
Gregor Mendel An Augustinian monk and botanist whose experiments in breeding garden peas led to his eventual recognition as founder of the science of genetics
Genetics how traits are passed from parent to offspring
Michael Faraday worked with electricity
James Clerk Maxwell the father of modern physics
electromagnetism the interaction of electric currents or fields and magnetic fields
James Joule He studied the relationship between heat and mechanical work, research that led to the First Law of Thermodynamics.
First Law of thermodynamics it states that the change in the internal energy of a system is equal to the sum of the heat added to the system and the work done on it.
Max Planek German physicist whose explanation of blackbody radiation in the context of quantized energy emissions initiated quantum theory
Quanta little pockets of electricity
Quantum mechanics it is the part of physics that tells how the things that make up atoms work.
Albert Einstein a physicist born in Germany who formulated the special theory of relativity and the general theory of relativity; Einstein also proposed that light consists of discrete quantized bundles of energy
Neils Bohr developed the Bohr model
special theory of relativity determined that the laws of physics are the same for all non-accelerating observers,
general theory of relativity determined that the laws of physics are the same for all non-accelerating observers,
Bohr Model a theory of atomic structure in which the hydrogen atom
John Dalton experimented with Gases
Created by: ameliastone