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Bio Ch 1

TermDefinition
Evolution The process of change
Biology The study of life
Emergent properties Due to the arrangement and interactions of parts as complexity increases
Eukaryotic cell Contains membrane enclosed organelles
Prokaryotic cell are unicellular organisms that lack organelles or other internal membrane-bound structures .
DNA deoxyribonucleic acid, a self-replicating material present in nearly all living organisms as the main constituent of chromosomes
Genes (in informal use) a unit of heredity that is transferred from a parent to offspring and is held to determine some characteristic of the offspring.
Gene expression the appearance in a phenotype of a characteristic or effect attributed to a particular gene.
Genomics the branch of molecular biology concerned with the structure, function, evolution, and mapping of genomes.
Bioinformatics the science of collecting and analyzing complex biological data such as genetic codes.
Genome the haploid set of chromosomes in a gamete or microorganism, or in each cell of a multicellular organism.
Bacteria a member of a large group of unicellular microorganisms that have cell walls but lack organelles and an organized nucleus, including some that can cause disease
Archaea Another type of bacteria
Natural selection the process whereby organisms better adapted to their environment tend to survive and produce more offspring
Created by: Lohi
 

 



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