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ROM Restorative

Terms

TermDefinition
Abduction Moving a body part away from the midline
Adduction Moving a body part toward the midline
Extension Straightening a body part
Flexion Bending a body part
Dorsiflexion Bending the toes and foot up at the ankle
Hyperextension Excessive straightening of a body part
Opposition Touching an opposite finger with the thumb
Pronation Turning the joint downward
Internal Rotation Turning the joint inward
External Rotation Turing the joint outward
Pronation Turning the joint downward
Rotation Turning the joint
Supination Turning the joint upward
Plantar Flexion Bending the foot down at the ankle
Deviation abduction and or adduction from the midline. Used for wrist motion
Inversion Turning inward
Eversion Turning outward
Contracture the abnormal shortening of muscle that makes normal movement at the joint difficult or impossible
AROM muscle movements produced by the patient's effort with little or no help from others
PROM Exercises that are done for the individual by the health team member
Disability Any lost, absent, or impaired physical or mental function
Prosthesis An artificial replacement for a missing body part
Rehabilitation The process of restoring the person to his or her highest possible level of function
Atrophy A decrease in size or wasting away of tissue
Contracture The lack of joint mobility caused by abnormal shortening of a muscle
Deconditioning The loss of muscle strength as a result of inactivity
Orthostatic hypotension An abnormally low blood pressure when the person suddenly stands
Footdrop Another name for permanent plantar flexion
Syncope Fainting
Ambulatoni The act of walking
Footboard Device that prevents plantar flexion
Trochanter Rolls Adaptive device that prevents hips and legs from external rotation
Handgrips Adaptive device that help to prevent contractures of the thumb, fingers and wrist
AAROM Exercises that are done by the person with the assistance of the health team member
Created by: dkayes