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Chapter 1 Power

Chapter 1 Power Point

Two types of anatomy Gross / Macroscopic & Microscopic
Types of gross anatomy Systemic, Regional, Surface, Comparative & Embryology
Systemic Anatomy Anatomy of each functional body system
Regional Anatomy All Structures in a particular region of the body
Surface Anatomy Superficial anatomic markings & internal body structures
Comparative Anatomy Similarities & differences in anatomy of diff. species
Embryology Developmental changes from conception to birth
Two Main Divisions of Microscopic Anatomy Cytology & Histology
Cytology Body Cells & their internal structure
Histology Tissues
Physiology Function
The Body's Levels Of Organization Organization/Order, Metabolism, Growth, Responsiveness, Regulation, Reproduce
Two types of metabolism anabolism & catabolism
Metabolism Sum of all chemical reactions that occur in the body
Anatomic Position Common reference position
Section (anatomic position) Slice or cut to expose internal anatomy
Plane (anatomic position) imaginary flat surface passing through the body
What are the 3 major planes? Coronal, Transverse, Midsagittal/ Sagittal
Coronal Anterior & Posterior
Transverse Superior & Infterior
Midsagittal / Sagittal Left and Right halves
Anterior In front of; toward the front surface
Posterior In back of; forward the back surface
Dorsal At the back side of the human body
Ventral At the belly side of the human body
Superior Closer to the head
Inferior Closer to the feet
Cranial At the head end
Caudal At the rear or tail end
Rostral Toward the nose or mouth
Medial Toward the midline of the body
Lateral Away from the midline of the body
Deep On the inside; internal to another structure
Superficial On the outside
Proximal Closest to the point of attachment to trunk
Distal Furthest from point of attachment to trunk
Waist Down Inferior
Line down the Middle with arrows pointing in Medial
Line down the middle with arrows pointing out Lateral
Human body is partitioned into two main regions Axial & appendicular
Head Cephalic
Forehead Frontal
Eye Orbital
Cheek Buccal
Chin Mental
Sternum Sternal
Chest Pectoral
Breast Mammary
Abdomen Abdominal
Groin Inguinal
Ankle Tarsal
Foot Dorsum
Toe Digital
Leg Crural
Thigh Femoral
Finger Digital
Palm Palmar
Wrist Carpal
Hip Coxal
Forearm Antebrachial
Front of elbow Antecubital
Arm Brachial
Armpit Axillary
Shoulder Deltoid
Neck Cervical
Mouth Oral
Nose Nasal
Back of Head Occipital
Lower Back Lumbar
Hand Manus
Back of knee Popliteal
Sole of Foot Plantar
Heel Calcaneal
Calf Sural
Elbow Olecranal
Ear Auricular
Thumb Pollex
Diamond Shaped region containing anus & external reproductive organs Perineal
Foot Pes
Lateral (thumb side) aspect of forearm Radial
Posterior region between hip bones Sacral
Shoulder Blade Scapular
Medial aspect of leg Tibial
Medial aspect of the forearm Ulnar
Internal organs house within two body cavities Posterior aspect & ventral cavity
Posterior Aspect Cavity completely encased in bone
2 parts of posterior cavity Cranial & vertebral
Cranial Cavity Formed by bones of the cranium - houses the brain
Vertebral Canal Formed by the bones of the vertebral column - houses spinal cord
2 parts of ventral cavity Thoracic & abdominopelvic
Serous Membranes Layers (2) Parietal & Visceral
Parietal Layer Lines internal surface of body wall
Visceral Layer Covers external surface of organs (the viscera) within the cavity
Serous Cavity Potential space between membranes
Serous Fluid Reduces friction caused by movement of organs against body wall
Mediastinum Contains heart,thymus,esophagus,trachea & major blood vessels that connect to the heart
2 layered serous membrane pericardium (3) Parietal Pericardium, Visceral Pericardium & Pericardial Cavity
2 layered serous membrane pleura (3) Parietal pleura, visceral pleura & pleural cavity
Thoracic cavity consist of the 3 parts Mediastinum, pleural & pericardial
Abdominopelvic Cavity is Subdivided into: Abdominal & Pelvic Cavity
Abdominal Cavity Most digestive organs, kidneys & most ureters
Pelvic Cavity Distal large intestine, part of ureters, bladder & internal reproductive organs
Abdominopelvic Cavity 9 compartments Umbilical, Epigastric, Hypogastric, Right & Left hypochondriac, Right & left lumbar & right and left iliac
Abdominopelvic Quadrants Right upper, right lower, left upper & left lower
Homeostasis keeping internal conditions stable
Keeping homeostasis - 3 components assoc with each system Receptor, control center & effector
Negative Feedback Temp control and insulin in response to blod glucose
Positive Feedback Breastfeeding & coagulation cascade
Created by: Kaylaboothe0717
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