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OEC Chapter-03

5th Edtion OEC Chapter-03

QuestionAnswer
The body's ability to regulate its inner environment to ensure stability and to respond to changes in the outside environment Homeostasis
A form of heat exchange in which heat transfers from a warmer object to a cooler object through direct contact. Conduction
A form of heat exchange that occurs when gas or liquid moves past the surface of an object. Convection
A form of heat exchange in which energy is transmitted in waves (electromagnetic, ultraviolet, infrared) through space. Radiation
A form of heat exchange that occurs when a liquid converts to a gas. Evaporation
The state of being protected from a disease, especially an infectious disease Immunity
An infectious agent that can cause desease or illness Pathogen
The body's process of utilizing food substances needed for growth and maintenance of life. Nutrition
Waves of solar energy that are beneficial in small amounts but harmful to the skin and eyes upon overexposure Ultraviolet Radiation (UVR)
The chemical processes occurring within a living cell or organism that are necessary for the maintenance of life Metablolism
The practice of protecting health care workers from exposure to bodily fluids based on the assumption that all patients are potentially infectious Standard Precautions
The practice of isolating all bodily substances (blood, urine, tears, feces, and so on) of patients from rescuers in order to decrease desease transmission. Body Substance Isolation (BSI)
Items worn by medical providers, including gloves, mask, safety eyeglasses (or mask with shield), and gown, to protect them from bodily fluids Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)
An event in which a worker comes into contact with a bodily fluid or hazardous material while on the job. Occupational Exposure
The process of rendering an object, person, or area free of harmful substances such as bacteria, poison, gas, and radiation. Decontamination
Transfer of illness from an infected individual to a healthy individual. Disease Transmission
What are the 4 key components to a Scene Size-Up. Is the Scene Safe, What is the Mechanism of Injury (MOI) or Nature of Illness (NOI), Total number of patients involved, Is there a need for additional resources.
The process of assessing the site of an accident or disaster and making it safe for the rescuers to enter. Scene Safety
How long can influenza survive on hard, nonporous surfaces? 2-Days
Which of the following is most effective for preventing the spread of disease? a. Wearing disposable gloves b. washing your hands c. wearing a surgical mask / N95 mask d. wearing all the PPE while in contact with a patient b. Washing your Hands
Which of the following is not a symptom of hepatitis? a. constipation b. jaundice c. vomiting d. dark-colored urine a. constipation
How often is a booster shot recommended for tetanus? 10-years
What are the most common methods by which OEC Technicians may contact a communicable disease? Direct contact and Airborne route
What are the 5 methods by which infectious diseases can be transmitted? Direct contact, Indirect contact, Airborne, Ingestion, Vector-borne
What method of contracting a disease should you be concerned with in close person-to-person interaction? Direct Contact
What method of contracting a disease should you be concerned with when you find a pile of contaminated rags. Indirect Contact
What method of contracting a disease should you be concerned with when you enter the area of a sick patient who is coughing and sneezing Ariborne
What method of contracting a disease should you be concerned with if you do not decontaminate surface water before drinking. Ingestion
What method of contracting a disease should you be concerned with if you are bitten by a Tick while out hiking Vector-borne
What common diseases can be contracting through a Vector-borne method. Lyme disease, Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever, Malaria, West Nile, Encephalitis, Rabies.
What diseases can be contracted through the Ingestion Method? Salmonella, Sbigella, Giardia, Hepatitis-A
What diseases can be contracted through the Airborne Method? Common cold, Influenza, Meningitis, Chicken Pox, Tuberculosis
What diseases can be contracted through the Indirect Contact Method? Athlete's Foot, Lice
What diseases can be contracted through the Direct Contact Method? Hepatitis-B, HIV, Herpes Simplex, Gonorrhea, Mononucleosis
Substances that have the potential to harm people, animals, or the environment. Hazardous Materials
A form that contains relevant information pertaining to the specific substance with a focus on the hazards it poses to workers Material Safety Data Sheet
For which of the following diseases is a vaccination available? a. HIV b. Tuberculosis c. Meningitis d. Hepatitis-B d. Hepatitis-B
What method does the body use to cool itself? a. It stops sweating b. It increases shivering c. It dialates peripheral blood vessels d. It stops shivering c. It dilates peripheral blood vessels
Which of the following is not a components of the immune system? a. red blood cells b. the spleen c. the lymphatic system d. antibodies a. Red Blood Cells
The concept of scene safety is designed for whose protection? a. rescuers b. the victim(s) c. bystanders d. bystanders, rescuers, and the victims(s)
Created by: Joshthrope