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Earth Sci Clements

Earth Science Vocabulary Cards

TermDefinition
Pieces of rock and minerals that have been broken apart. Sediment
When running water drops its sediment in layers as the water slows down. Deposition
The layers of the sediment are squeezed together, because of the pressure of the sediment on top. Compaction
When compaction squeezes water out of the layered sediments, leaving salt crystals that cement the rocks together. Cementation
The breaking down of rocks on the Earth's surface. Weathering
The process of carrying away the broken down rock, soil, or other material. Erosion
Rivers of ice, where three–fourths of the earth's freshwater is located. Glaciers
The preserved remains of ancient organisms. Fossils
One complete trip that a planet takes around the sun. Revolution
The path that one object in space takes around another object in space. Orbit
The regions on the sun that are cooler than the surrounding areas. sun spot
To spin around in circles. rotate
The mnemonic to help remember the order of the planets from the sun. My Very Educated Mother Just Served Us Nachos.
What does the Earth's rotation cause? Night and Day
How long does it take the Earth to rotate one time? 24 hours
The mixture of gases that surround the Earth, that keep the heat in, and protect it. Atmosphere
When the Earth is facing the sun, it is Daytime
When the Earth is turned away from the sun, it is Nightime
The sun rises in the ________ and sets in the ______. East / West
How long does it take the Earth to orbit the sun? 365 days
More of the moon continues to be lit up every few nights. Waxing
Less of the moon is lit up every few nights. Waning
The dark moon where none of it is lit up because the moon is between the sun and Earth. New Moon
The process water moves through as it changes from a solid, liquid, or gas state as it moves between the Earth's surface and atmosphere. Water Cycle
Where the energy comes from that powers the water cycle. Sun
The process by which water changes from a liquid to a gas ro water vapor. Evaporation
The process in which water vapor changes back into liquid water. Condensation
When condensed water droplets huddle together in the atmosphere. clouds
What forms when moist warmer air comes in contact with cooler air near the ground? fog
rain, sleet, hail or snow Precipitation
Precipitation that soaks into the ground infiltration
Water under the ground ground water
Water evaporating out of plant's leaves transpiration
Excess water that flows over the Earth's surface and downhill runoff
What creeks, streams, ponds, rivers, lakes and oceans are in the water cycle. collection
water vapor in the air humidity
The state of the atmosphere from day to day weather
The type of weather in an area averaged over a long period of time, such as 30 years or more. climate
Created by: 5thgradescience