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LLPSI-01 Imperium ro

Oerberg's Familia Romana cap. I: Imperium romanum

LatineHispaniceNotae
vocābulum, –ī (n) palabra VOCABLo [pérdida de m final y cierre de u>o] | VOCABULario ‘recopilación de palabras’
ūnus, –a, –um uno, uno solo
ubi? dónde UBIcación ‘acción de indicar DÓNDE está algo’ | UBIcuo
trēs, tria (pl.) tres TRIplete ‘grupo de TRES’
tertius, –a, –um tercero > tercio [palatalización TI>/θi/]
syllaba, –ae (f) sílaba SILABear
sex seis SEXenio ‘grupo de SEIS años’
sed pero
secundus, –a, –um segundo; favorable > segundo [sonorización de oculsiva sorda intervocálica]
Rōmānus, –a, –um romano ROMANA (báscula) | Rumanía
quoque también “Tu quoque, fili mi!” (frase de César a su hijo adoptivo Bruto)
quis (qui), quae, quid (quod) quien, que | el / la / lo cual | quién, qué...? Las formas quis y quid son pronombres interrogativos. | Las formas qui y quod son adjetivos interrogativos.
quid (n) qué “Ese es el QUID de la cuestión”
prōvincia, –ae (f) provincia Provenza
prīmus, –a, –um primero > primo
pēnsum, –ī (n) tarea > peso
paucī, –ae, –a (adj. pl.) pocos paucos > pocos [monoptongación]
parvus, –a, –um pequeño PÁRVUlo ‘niño pequeño’
oppidum –ī n ciudad
ōceanus –ī m océano
num ¿…? ¿acaso ...? verdad que no...? Normalmente se espera una respuesta negativa.
numerus, –ī (m) número
nōn no
–ne ¿…? ¿Acaso ...? Por lo general no se presupone la respuesta.
multī, –ae, –a (adj. pl.) muchos multitud | multiplicar
mīlle | mīlia –ium (n. pl.) mil (miles) millar | milla
magnus, –a, –um grande, gran magno | tamaño (< tam magnum)
littera, –ae (f) carta literal | literatura
Latīnus –a –um latino latín
īnsula –ae f isla ÍNSULA / isla [pérdida postónica interna; simplif. ns>s] penÍNSULA (< paene insulam “casi isla”)
in (+ ablativo) en, dentro de
imperium, –ī (n) imperio, mando > imperio [apócope -m final, apertura u>o]
grammatica, –ae (f) gramática Del griego γράμμα, γράμματος (letra) 'estudio de las letras'.
Graecus, –a, –um griego graecum > grego [monoptongación y abreviación ĕ] > griego [diptongación ĕ tónica]
fluvius, –ī (m) río FLUVIal ‘propio de un río’
exemplum, –ī n ejemplo, modelo > ejemplo [palatalización]
et y, también fr. ET ‘y’
sum, esse, fuī ser, estar, haber cf. fr. EST ‘es(tá)’
capitulum, –ī (n) capítulo
Created by: Donatus Magister
 

 



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