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cells & CC in cell

looking inside cells and chemical compound in cells

Element Any substance that cannot be broken down into simpler substances.
Atom The smallest unit of an element.
Compound When two or more elements combine chemically.
Molecules The smallest unit of most compounds.
Organic compounds Most compounds that contain carbon.
inorganic compounds Compounds that do not contain the element of carbon.
Carbohydrate An energy-rich organic compound made of the elements carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen.
Proteins Large organic molecules made of carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen, and, in some cases sulfur.
amino acids Protein molecules are made up of smaller molecules.
enzyme A type of protein that speeds up a chemical reaction in a living thing.
Lipids Fats, oils, and waxes.
Nucleic acids Very large organic molecules made of carbon, oxygen, hydrogen, nitrogen, and phosphorus.
DNA Passed from parent to offspring and directs all of the cell's functions.
RNA Plays an important role in the production of proteins.
Organelles Carry out specific functions in the cell.
Cell wall A rigid layer of nonliving material that surrounds plant cells.
Cell membrane If cells don't have cell walls the cell membrane is the outside layer.
Nucleus A large, oval structure that acts as the "brain" of the cell.
Chromatin Contains the instructions for the cells functions.
Cytoplasm The region between the cell membrane and the nucleus.
Mitochondria Produces energy.
ER Carries proteins and other materials from one part of the cell to the other.
Ribosomes Grain-like bodies that produce proteins.
Golgi bodies Distributes proteins and other materials throughout the cell.
Chloroplast Captures energy from sunlight and use it to produce food for the cell.
Vacuole Stores food and other materials in the cell.
Lysosomes Break down food and recycle old cell parts.
Prokaryotes Cells that lack a nucleus.
Eukaryotes Cells that have a nucleus.
Created by: morganwood