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Vocab Chap 3

abandonment The act of discontinuing emergency care without ensuring that another health care professional with equivalent or better will take over
advance directive Instructions written in advance such as a do not resuscitate DNR order, a living will, or a durable power of attorney.
assault A willfull threat to inflict harm on a person
battery the act of touching a person unlawfully without his consent
consent permission that must be obtained before care is rendered.
Consolidated Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act (COBRA) a federal regulation that ensures the publics access to emergency health care regardless of ability to pay
defamation a intentional false communication that inquires another persons reputation or good name
do not resuscitate (DNR) legal document signed by Dr. and patient-which life sustaining measure if any should be taken if heart and respiratory fail
durable power of attorney legal document allowing the signed person to make medical decision for the other person unable to do it himself
duty to act the obligation to care for a patient who requires it
Emergency Medical Treatment and Active Labor Act (EMTALA) Federal Regulation for the public to have public access to emergency health care regardless of ability to pay. "anti patient dumping statue"
expressed consent permission that must be obtained from every conscious, mentally competent adult before emergency treatment may be provided.
false imprisonment the intentional and unjustifiable detention of a person without his consent or other legal authority
Good Samaritan Law a law that provides immunity from liability for acts perfomed in good faith to assist at the scene of a medical emergency unless those acts are gross neg.
Health Insurance Portability and accountability Act (HIPPA) federal law 1996 privacy of patients
implied consent unresponsive patient in critical condition unable to respond or consent to care. "Emergency Doctrine"
informed consent consent for treatment that is given by a competent patient based on full disclosure of possible risks and consequences
intentional tort a wrongful act, injury, or damage that is committed knowingly
involuntary consent consent that is assumed when the patient is either mentally incompetent or legally not permitted to make his own medical decisions
libel the act of injuring a persons reputation or good name in writing or through the mass media with malicious intent or recklesss disregard for the falsity statement
living will a legal document that delineates the signers wishes about general health care issues such as the use of long term life support measures.
minor consent permission obtained from a parent or legal guardian for emergency treatment of a minor or a mentally incompetent adult.
negligence the act of deviating from an accepted standard of care through carelessness, inattention, disregard, inadvertence. or oversight which results in further injury to the patient
physician orders for life-sustaining treatment (POLST) orders that identify the desired level of life-sustaining treatment in patients with a terminal or life-threatening not likely to survive
proximate cause the act of deviating from an accepted standard of care through carelessness, inattention, disregard, inadvertence or oversight resulting in further injury
scope of practice the actions and care that an EMT is legally allowed to perform, as typically defined by state law
slander act of injuring a persons reputation or good name through spoken statements with malicious intent or reckless disregard for the falsity of those statements
standard of care emergency care that would be expected to be given to a patient by any trained EMT under similar circumstances
tort a wrongful act, injury, or damage
Created by: Pamilee3733