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CNA-Body Mechanics

CNA-Body Mechanics/Rehabilitation

TermDefinition
body mechanics using the muscles of the body correctly when lifting or moving an object
body alignment best placement of the body parts so the bones are efficiently used
HOB head of bed
trapeze equipment which allows a res. with paraplegia to move themselves in bed
Fowlers position sitting in bed, head of bed 45-60 degrees
semi-fowlers position sitting in bed, head of bed 35-45 degrees
lateral position lying on the side
prone position lying on the stomach head turned to the side
Sim's position lying on left side/abdomen, used for rectal procedures
hemiplegia paralysis to one side of body (right or left)
paraplegia paralysis to both legs
quadraplegia paralysis to arms and legs
prosthesis artificial body part
ROM range of motion
passive ROM nurse assistant moves res. arms/legs through their full range of motion
assistive device equipment which allows resident to be mobile
adaptive equipment equipment which allows a resident to be independent with their ADL's
Physical Therapist provides strengthening exercises and gait training, prescribes assistive devices
Occupational Therapist instructs on self-care skills: prescribes adaptive equipment
Speech Therapist performs swallow evaluations: instructs on speech and safe swalllow techniques
restorative care examples:turning and positioning, skin care
supportive device provides comfort, helps prevent pressure ulcers, keeps body in alignment
immobility not able to move
contracture permanent deformity of a joint
pressure ulcer wound caused by prolonged pressure to an area on the body
decubitus pressure ulcer
trochanter roll supportive device which prevents legs from rotating outwards
Created by: rwhiteford