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Chapter 1 Lesson 1

Characterstics of life

asexual reproduction A reproductive process that involves only one parent and produces offspring that are genetically identical to the parent.
autotroph An organism that is able to capture energy from sunlight or chemicals and use it to produce its own food.
cell The basic unit of structure and function in living things.
controlled experiment An experiment in which only one variable is manipulated at a time.
development The process of change that occurs during an organism’s life to produce a more complex organism.
heterotroph An organism that cannot make its own food and gets food by consuming other living things.
homeostasis The condition in which an organism’s internal environment is kept stable in spite of changes in the external environment.
metabolism The combination of chemical reactions through which an organism builds up or breaks down materials.
multicellular Consisting of many cells.
organism A living thing.
response An action or change in behavior that occurs as a result of a stimulus.
sexual reproduction A reproductive process that involves two parents that combine their genetic material to produce a new organism which differs from both parents.
spontaneous generation The mistaken idea that living things arise from nonliving sources.
stimulus Any change or signal in the environment that can make an organism react in some way.
unicellular Made of a single cell.
Created by: racolonna