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micro ch 1

From research published in "Clinical Infectious Diseases and Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology", how long did vancomycin resistant enterococci survive? 7 days
Hands, gloves and bodies could be colonized with vancomycin resistant enterococci. T/F true
Who suggested doctors and students should wash their hands with chlorinated lime solution? semmelweis
The group or category of microorganisms responsible less than 1% of diseases are___. bacteria
The process of turning fruit juices such as apples, grapes, peaches, etc into alcoholic beverages such as wines is called__. fermentation
Who developed the domain system that is used today based on rRNA analyses? woese & fox
Of the kinds of microorganisms which ones do not contain peptidoglycan in their cell walls but are found nearly everywhere? archaea
Which group of microorganisms are acellular? They are basically protein and nucleic acids, while some have sugars present in the spike or envelope. viruses
6 major groups of microorganisms bacteria, algae, fungi, viruses, protozoa, and helminthes
coccus shape round
bacillus shape rod
vibrio shape curved rod
coccobacillus shape short rod
spirillum shape spiral
spirochete shape long lose helilical spiral
What fungi helps bread rise? Saccharomyces cerevisiae
What virus can cause respiratory infections like the common cold, severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS), and Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS). Coronavirus family
What protozoa is a parasite that infects humans and other mammals, causing severe diarrhea. Giardia lamblia
A helminthes, a beef tapeworm that infects both cattle and humans is called? Taenia saginata
Who was the “father of Western medicine,” believed that diseases had natural, not supernatural, causes? Hippocrates
Who observed that survivors of the Athenian plague were subsequently immune to the infection. Thucydides
Who proposed that disease could be caused by “certain minute creatures . . . which cannot be seen by the eye.” Marcus Terentius Varro
Who invented the first tool for the study of microorganisms in 1665 Robert Hooke
Who refined the microscope and was the first to view living microorganisms Van Leeuwenhoek
Who formulated cell theory 100 yrs after the death of Leewenhoek? Matthias Schleiden and Theodor Schwann
Cell theory states cells are the fundamental units of life and carry out all the basic functions of living things
) is credited with numerous innovations that advanced the fields of microbiology and immunology. (swan neck, pasteurizing, and fermination) Louis Pasteur
Who identified the specific microbes that cause anthrax, cholera, and tuberculosis Robert Koch
Scientific method Observation leads to question Question generates hypothesis Hypothesis is tested through experiment(s) Results prove or disprove hypothesis Accepted hypothesis can lead to theory/law Disproved hypothesis is rejected or modified
Who developed a new system for categorizing plants and animals Carolus Linnaeus
Write scientific names correctly Capitalize the first letter of the genus name The species name begins with a lower case letter Both the genus and species names are italicized
Some____ live in extreme environments, such as the Morning Glory pool, a hot spring in Yellowstone National Park archaea
Characteristics of eukaryotes Typically larger than prokaryotes, Nuclear membrane around the nucleus, typically the organelles are more complex: mitochondria, ribosomes, lysosomes ect, cell walls are present in plants, cell membrane, Multicellularity is a possibility
characteristics of prokaryotes Single cell, Nucleoid region, Typically smaller than eukaryotes Ribosomes are present and some have gas vesicles, Cell walls contain peptidoglycan, Various shapes and sizes exist
The roman's created a complex sanitation infrastructure to deal with sewage known as the ___ hypothesis miasma hypothesis
Tree of life Linnaeus(1758)= plant/animals Haeckel(1866)= plant/animals/protists/ monera Whittaker(1969)= plant/animals/protists/monera/fungi
Viruses are acellular, which means ___ not composed of cells
Pathogens cause ___ disease
___ are unicellular eukaryotes that are not plants, animals, or fungi. Algae and protozoa are examples of this. Protists
___ is a broad term that encompasses the study of all different types of microorganisms Microbiology
bacteriology is the study of ___ bacteria
mycology is the study of _____ fungi
protozoology is the study of _____ protozoa
parasitology is the study of _____ helminths and other parasites
virology is the study of ____ viruses
Created by: acacianero