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Med Terms CH 2

TermDefinition
adenoma a benign tumor that arises in, or resembles, glandular tissue
adenomalacia the abnormal softening of a gland
adenocarcinoma a malignant tumor that originates in glandular tissue
proximal nearest midline or beginning of a body structure
distal farthest from the midline or beginning of a body structure
homeostasis state of constant internal environment
inguinal the entire lower area of the abdomen
midsagittal plane aka midline; divides body into EQUAL L and R halves
dysplasia abnormal development of cells, tissues, or organs
mesentry the fused double layer of the parietal peritoneum that connects the intestines to the dorsal abdominal wall
idiopathic disorder illness without known cause
retroperitoneal behind the peritoneum
peritoneum multilayered membrane that protects / holds organ in place within the abdominal cavity
iatrogenic illness unfavorable response to prescribed medical treatment
coronal plane divides body into front and back; aka frontal plane
sagittal plane divides body in L and R
transverse plane divides body into top and bottom
superior upper or above
inferior lower or below
anterior (ventral) front
posterior (dorsal) back
medial toward the midline
lateral away from the midline
dorsal cavity the posterior of the body
ventral cavity the anterior part of the body
divisions of dorsal cavity cranial, spinal
divisions of ventral cavity thoracic, abdominal, pelvic
home/o constant
-stasis control
aden/o gland
-plasia formation
Down syndrome a genetic variation that is associated with characteristic facial appearance, learning disabilities, and physical abnormalities such as heart valve disease.
Chromosome The genetic structure located within the nucleus of each cell
Genetics The study of how genes are transferred from parents to their children and the role of genes in health and disease
umbilical region belly button area
hypochondriac region below the ribs
iliac region hip bone area
epidemiologist A specialist in the study of the outbreaks of disease
Exocrine glands secrete chemical substances into ducts
Created by: makanjuolae