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Homeostasis

New Terminology

TermDefinition
endocrinology A branch of medicine that deals with hormones and the structure, function and disorders of endocrine glands.
testosterone A male hormone produced by the testes that is in charge of the maintenance of male's secondary characteristics such as pubic hair.
Endocrine glands Also known as ductless glands as they secrete their products or endocrine secretion into the blood stream rather than through a duct.
Humoral Refers to immunity and the B cells that secrete antibodies that are circulated in bodily fluids.
Germ Theory A theory in medicine that looks at various illnesses, diseases and health conditions that arises from microorganisms.
Diabetes Mellitus Also known as type 1 diabetes is a condition of the metabolic activities of carbohydratesin which the body does not make enough insulin or utilize enough. Can be seen in excessive weight loss, thirst and increase urien production.
Diabets Insipidus A disorder of the pituitary gland characterized by an increase in thirst and excessive amounts of urine secretion.
Graves' Disease An autoimmune disorder (body's immune system attacks healthy cells) categorized by goiter, weight loss, irregular heart beat, anxiety and even the protrusion of the eye balls.
Goitre The enlargement of the thyroid gland resulting in the swelling of the neck.
Exophthalmos The abnormal protrusion of the eye balls.
Palpitation A rapid, strong or irregular heartbeat that may be caused by agitation or illness.
Symptom A physical or mental feature that is indicative of some type of illness as used by health care professionals for diagnosis or treatment.
Secretin A hormone that is release into the bloodstream by the duodeum especially in response to acidity.
Hormone A signaling molecule produced by glands in multicellular organisms that is carried to target organs to allow for the regulation of physiology and behavior.
Insulin A hormone secreted by the beta cells of the Islets of Langerhans that is responsible for carbohydrate metabolism and glucose levels and that when produced in small amounts may lead to diabetes mellitus.
Neurohormone A hormone that is produced by nerve cells and secreted into the bloodstream.
Norepinephrine Produced by the adrenal medulla and sympathetc nerves as a hormone but can also serve as a neurotransmitter (transfers impulses to another nerve).
Glycogen A polysaccharide deposited in bodily tissues as a storage site for carbohydrates.
Glucose A simple sugar that is found in many carbohydrates and is a source of energy for living things.
Cyclic AMP This is a cyclic form of adenosine monophosphate that plays a major role in enzyme-catalyzed processes in living organisms.
Second messenger These are molecules that carry messages received on the cell surface to target molecules in the nucleus.
Phosphorylase enzyme They catalyze the addition of a phosphate group from an inorganic phosphate to an acceptor.
Created by: natzy111
 

 



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