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Bio CH 2 Cells

Features of Life and the Cell

QuestionAnswer
adaptation a trait that makes a living thing better able to survive
cell the basic unit of all living things
cell membrane the cell part that gives the cell shape and holds the cytoplasm
cellular respiration process by which food is broken down and energy released
cell wall the thick outer covering outside the cell membrane
centriole cell parts that help with cell reproduction
chloroplast cell parts that contain the green pigment, chlorophyll
chromosome cell parts with information that determines what traits a living thing will have
consumers living things that eat or consume other living things
cytoplasm the clear, jellylike material between the cell membrane and the nucleus that makes up most of the cell
development all the changes that occur when an living thing grows
diffusion the movement of a substance from where there is a large amount to where there is a small amount
mitochondria cell parts that produce energy from food that has been digested
nuclear membrane a structure that surrounds the nucleus and separates it from the rest of the cell
nucleolus the cell part that helps make ribosomes
nucleus the cell part that controls most of the cell’s activity
organ a group of tissues that work together to do a certain job
organism a living things
organ system a group of organs that work together to do a certain job
osmosis the movement of water across cell membrane
producer living things that make, or produce, their own food
reproduce to form offspring similar to parents
ribosome cell parts where proteins are made
tissue a group of similar cells that work together to carry out a special job
vacuole liquid filled-space that stores food, water, and minerals
cytoskeleton filaments and tubules that extend throughout the cytoplasm
lysomes ontain an array of enzymes capable of breaking down all types of biological polymers
Created by: hockettd