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Infection Control

Key Terms

TermDefinition
Antibiotic A drug the kills certain microbes that cause infection
Asepsis Clean, free of disease producing microbes
Pathogen A microbe that is harmful and can cause an infection
Medical Asepsis Practices that are utilized to prevent the spread of infection
NonPathogen A microbe that does not cause an infection
Biohazardous Waste Items contaminated with blood, body fluids, secretions
Carrier A human or animal that is a reservoir for microbes but does not develop the infection
Autoclave a machine that is used to destroy pathogens
Disinfection the process of killing pathogens
Sterile free of all microbes
Immunity protection against a disease or condition
Communicable Disease a disease that spreads easily
Clean free of pathogens
Microorganism small living thing only seen with a microscope
Febrile With a fever
Infection A disease state resulting from the invasion and growth of microbes in the body
Local Infection A infection in a body part
Systemic Infection An infection that has spread through the body
Contamination The process of becoming unclean
Disinfectant A chemical that can kill pathogens
Normal Flora Microbes that live and grow in a certain body part
Reservoir The environment in which a microbe lives and grows - the host
Spore A bacterium produced by a hard shell
Surgical Asepsis The practices used to remove all microbes - sterile technique
Vector A carrier (animal or insect) that transmits disease
Bacteria One celled organisms that multiply rapidly. May be a pathogen or nonpathogen
Viruses An organism that grows in living cells. These are generally disease producing
MDRO Multi-Drug Resistant Organisms
MRSA Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus
Portal of Exit The way that the pathogen leaves the body
Method of Transmission How the pathogen is transmitted from one host to another
Portal of Entry The way that the pathogen enters the susceptible host
Common HAI Sites Urinary Tract Respiratory System Wounds
HAI Healthcare-Associated Infections
Clean Technique The same as Medical Asepsis
Sterile Field A work area that is free of all pathogens and non pathogens
Vaccine Is given to produce immunity
The body system that protects the body from disease and infection Immune System
Created by: dkayes