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Musclar/neuro system

TermDefinition
Arthr/o Joint
Chondr/o Cartilage
Cost/o Rib
Crani/o Skull
Ligament/o ligament
Muscul/o muscle
My/o muscle
Myos/o muscle
Myel/o bone marrow
oste/o bone
Pelv/o pelvis, hipbone
Spondyl/o vertebra
Vertebr/o vertebra
ten/o tendon
tendin/o tendon
Arthroscopy Process of visual examination of a joint
Chondroma benign tumor of cartilage
costochondritits inflammation of a rib and its cartilage
craniotomy incision of the skull
ligamentous pertaining to a ligament
muscular pertaining to muscles
Myosarcoma Tumor of muscle
Myositis inflammation of a muscle
myelodysplasia abnormal development of bone marrow
osteomyelitis inflammation of bone and bone marrow
pelvic pertaining to bone of the hip area
spondylosis abnormal condition of a vertebra or vertebrae
intervertebral pertaining to lying between two backbones
tenorrhaphy suture of a tendon
tendinitis inflammation of a tendon
Ankylosing spondylitis Chronic, progressive arthritis with stiffening of joints, primarily of the spine and hip
Carpal tunnel syndrome compression of the median nerve as it passes between the ligament and the bones and tendons of the wrist
Gouty arthritis Inflammation of joints caused by excessive uric acid. Also called gout
Muscular dystrophy An inherited disorder characterized by progressive weakness and degeneration of muscle fibers
Osteoprosis Decrease in bone density with thinning and weakening of bone.
Rheumatoid arthritis Chronic inflammation of joints; pain, swelling, and stiffening, especially in the small joints of the hands and feet.
Antinuclear antibody (ANA) test Test in which a sample of plasma is tested for the presence of antibodies found in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus
Arthrocentesis Surgical puncture to remove fluid from a joint
Arthrography X-ray imaging of a joint
Arthroscopy Visual examination of a joint with an arthroscope
Bone density test Low-energy x-ray are used to image bones in the spinal column, pelvis, and wrist to detect areas of bone deficiency.
Bone scan Procedure in which a radioactive substance is injected intravenously and its uptake in bones is measured with a special scanning device
Calcium level Measurement of the amount of calcium in a sample of blood (serum). This test is important in evaluating diseases of bone.
Electromyography (EMG) Recording of the strength of muscle contraction resulting from electrical stimulation
Erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) Measurement of the rate at which red blood cells fall to the bottom of a test tube. High sedimentation rates are associated with inflammatory diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis.
Muscle biopsy The removal of muscle tissue for microscopic examination
Uric acid test Measurement of the amount of uric acid in a sample of blood. hight uric acid levels are associated with gouty arthritis.
Arthroplasty Surgical repair of a joint. Total hip arthroplasty is the replacement of the head of the femur (thigh bone) and acetabulum (cup-shaped portion of the hip socket) with artificial parts that are cemented into the bone.
Endoscopic diskectomy Surgical removal of a herniated intervertebral disk with an endoscope
Laminectomy Surgical removal of a portion of a vertebra to allow visualization and removal of a portion of a protruding disk
Microscopic diskectromy Surgical removal of a herniated intervertebral disk with an incision that is 1 or 2 inches long and visualization of the surgical field with an operating microscope
Vertebroplasty Surgical repair of vertebrae. Special cement is injected into backbones to strengthen them and to relieve pain caused by compression factures
ACL Anterior cruciate ligament (of the knee)
ANA Antinuclear antibody
C1-C7 Cervical vertebrae
Ca Calcium
DOMS Delayed-onset muscle soreness
EMG electromyography
ESR Erythrocyte sedimentation rate
IM Intramuscular
L1-L5 Lumbar vertebrae
NSAID Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (prescribed to treat joint disorders)
Ortho Orthopedics (or orthopaedics)
PT Physical therapy
ROM Range of motion
T1-T12 Thoracic vertebrae
Created by: Josskend