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Med Term

Respiratory System

Combining Form/TermMeaning
adenoid/o adenoid
alveol/o alveoli (air sacs)
bronch/o bronchial tubes
bronchiol/o bronchiole
cyan/o blue
epiglott/o epiglottis
laryng/o larynx
nas/o nose
rhin/o nose
pharyng/o pharynx
phren/o diaphragm
pneumon/o lung
pulmon/o lung
tonsill/o tonsils
trache/o trachea
Asphyxia Extreme decrease in the amount of oxygen in the body with increase of carbon dioxide leads to loss of consciousness or death.
Asthma Spasm and narrowing of bronchi, leading to bronchial airway obstruction.
Atelectasis Collapsed lung
Emphysema Hyperinflation of air sacs with destruction of alveolar walls.
Hemoptysis Spitting up of blood.
Hemothorax Blood in the pleural cavity.
Pneumoconiosis Abnormal condition of dust in the lungs.
Pnuemonia Inflammation and infection of alveoli, which fill with pus or products of the inflammatory reactions.
Tuberculosis An infectious disease caused by bacteria (bacilli) that affects the lungs.
Bronchoscopy Visual examination of the bronchial tubes with an endoscope.
Chest x-ray film X-ray image of the chest in an AP (anteroposterior), PA (posteroanterior), or lateral (side) view.
Computed tomography (CT) scan Cross-sectional x-ray images of the chest.
Laryngoscopy Visual examination of the larynx via the placement of a flexible tube through the nose or mouth and into the larynx.
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) Magnetic waves and radiofrequency waves create images of the chest in the three planes of the body.
Pulmonary angiography X-ray images are taken of the blood vessels in the lung after the injection of contrast material into a blood vessel. A blockage, such as a pulmonary embolism, can be located with this procedure.
Pulmonary function tests (PFTs) Measurement of the ventilation (breathing capability) of the lung. A spirometer measures the air taken into and breathed out of the lungs.
Sputum test A patient expels sputum by coughingand the sputum is analyzed for bacterial content.
Tuberculin test Agents are applied to the skin with punctures or injection and the reaction is noted. Redness and swelling result in people sensitive to the test substance and indicate previous or current infection with tuberculosis.
Ventilation-perfusion scans Procedures that show air flow (ventilation) and blood supply (perfusion to the lungs via the distribution of radioactive material in the lung tissue after the radioactive material is intravenously injected or is inhaled.
Endotracheal intubation A tube is placed through the nose or mouth into the trachea to establish an airway during surgery and for placement on a respirator ( a machine that moves air into and out of the lungs.)
Thoracentesis A needle is inserted through the skin between the ribs and into the pleural space to drain a pleural effusion.
Thoracotomy Incision of the chest to remove a lung (pneumonectomy) or a portion of a lung (lobectomy)
Tracheostomy Creation of an opening into the trachea through the neck and the insertion of a tube to create an airway.
ABG Arterial blood gas
ARDS Acute respiratory distress syndrome
CO2 Carbon dioxide (gas expelled from the lungs)
COPD Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (chronic bronchitis and emphysema)
C-PAP Continuous positive airway pressure
CPR Cardiopulmonary resuscitation
CXR Chest x -ray (film or image)
O2 Oxygen (gas entering the bloodstream through the lungs)
MDI Metered does inhaler
PE Pulmonary embolism (blockage of vessels in the lung by a blood clot)
PEEP Positive end-expiratory pressure (method of mechanical ventilation)
PFTs Pulmonary function tests
SOB Shortness of Breath
URI Upper respiratory infection
VATS Video-assisted thoracic surgery (using small incisions and an endoscope)
VQ Ventilation-perfusion scan(also called VQ scan)
Adenoidectomy removal of the adenoid
Alveaoli Pertaining to the alveoli (air sacs)
Bronchoscopy Visual exam of the bronchial tubes.
Bronchiolitis Inflammation of the bronchial tubes.
Cyanosis Bluish discoloration of the skin due to deficient oxygen.
Epiglottitis Inflammation of the epiglottis
Laryngeal Pertaining to the larynx
Nasal Pertaining to the nose
Rhinorrhea Discharge from the nose
Pharyngitis Inflammation of the pharynx
Phrenic Pertaining to the deaphragm
Pneumonectomy Removal of the lungs
Pulmonary Pertaining to the lungs
Tonsillitis Inflammation of the tonsils
Tracheostomy Opening of the trachea to the outside of the body.
Created by: Sinirato