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Acids, Bases, etc.

WordDefinition
Solution A well-mixed mixture that contains a solvent and at least one solute.
Solvent The part of a solution present in the largest amount.
Solute The substance that is present in a solution in a smaller amount and is dissolved by the solvent.
Colloid A mixture of small particles that don't dissolve.
Suspension A mixture of particles that can be seen and separated or filtered.
Dilute Solution A mixture that has only a little solute dissolved in a certain amount of solvent.
Concentrated Solution A mixture that has a lot of solute dissolved in a certain amount of solvent.
Solubility A measure of how much solute can dissolve in a solvent at a given temperature.
Saturated Solution When to much solute is added that no more can dissolve.
Unsaturated Solution A mixture that contains less dissolved solute than is possible at a given temperature.
Supersaturated Solution A mixture that has more dissolved solute then is predicted by its solubility at the given temperature.
Acid A substance that tastes sour, reacts with metals and carbonates, and turns blue litmus paper red.
Corrosive Meaning to break down other materials.
Indicator A compound that changes color when in contact with an acid or a base.
Base A substance that tastes bitter, feels slippery, and turns red litmus paper blue.
Hydrogen Ion (H+) An atom of hydrogen that has lost its electron.
Hydroxide Ion (OH-) A negative ion, made of hydrogen and oxygen.
PH Scale A range of values from 0 to 14.
Neutralization A reaction between an acid and a base.
Salt Any ionic compound that can be made from the neutralization of an acid with a base.
Digestion The process of breaking down complex molecules of foods into smaller molecules.
Mechanical Digestion A physical process in which large pieces of food are torn and ground into smaller pieces.
Chemical Digestion The process of breaking down large molecules into smaller ones.
Created by: s20002016