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Scientific Thinking

Constants The factors that are kept the same in an experiment
Control group Something that is used for comparison during the experiment. It does not get tested with the variable.
Variables Any factor that changes and affects the outcome of an experiment.
Independent Variable (Manipulated Variable) The variable that the experimenter decides to change to see if there is or is not an effect.
Dependent Variable (Responding Variable) The variable to the experiment that responds to the change.
Hypothesis A logical prediction about your "testable" question. (an educated guess)
Experiment Conducting a test! List your materials, the procedure, your independent variable (only ONE!), and observations.
Conclusion This section answers your original testable question. State whether your hypothesis was correct or incorrect.
Observation Use your senses.
Scientific Method Observation, Hypothesis, Experiment, Data Collection, Conclusion, and Retest (if needed)
Problem It is what you start with. Usually asked as a question. It is why you are doing the experiment.
Research Looking up information or reading about your topic to try to find out more information. Usually before you make a hypothesis.
Graph A visual representation of your data. It helps you understand all those numbers.
Data It is all the measurements taken from doing the experiment.
Materials a list of all of the equipment and supplies used to do the experiment.
Procedure list of instructions about how to do the experiment
Theory A hypothesis that has been tested with a significant amount of data
Created by: kmaddix