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CHAPTER 2 MED-TERMS

Common Anatomical Roots

TermDefinition
SPLEN/0 SPLEEN
ABDOMEN/O ABDOMEN
THORAC/O CHEST
PATH/O DISEASE
LARYNG/O LARYNX / VOICE BOX
ADREN/O ADREANAL GLAND
GASTR/O STOMACH
THYROID/O THYROID GLAND
CARDI/O HEART
CYT/O CELL
AXILL/O ARMPIT
ENTER/O SMALL INTESTINE
VISCER/O INTERNAL ORGANS
OSTE/O BONE
RECT/O RECTUM
LYMPH/O CLEAR FLUID IN LYMPHATIC VESSELS
GYNEC/O FEMALE
CYST/O BLADDER
PROSTAT/O PROSTATE
VUVL/O VUVLVA / EXTERNAL GENITALIA
AN/O ANUS
TRACHE/O TRACHEA / WINDPIPE
LIP/O FAT
ADIP/O FAT
URETER/O URETERS
HEPAT/O LIVER
ENCEPHAL/O BRIAN
CEREBR/O BRAIN
OTHLAM/O EYE
OCUL/O EYE
VEN/O VEIN
PHLEB/O VIEN
SAPLING/O FALLOPIAN TUBE / UTERINE TUBE
VAS/O VESSEL
ANGI/O VESSEL
VASCUL/O VESSEL
OR/O MOUTH
STOMAT/O MOUTH
PHARYG/O PHARYNX / THROAT
REN/O KIDNEY
NEPHR/O KIDNEY
URETHR/O URETHRA
MAST/O BREAST
MAMM/O BREAST
CILI/O HAIR
PIL/O HAIR
TEND/O TENDON
TENDIN/O TENDON
NAS/O NOSE
RHIN/O NOSE
MY/O MUSCLE
MUSCUL/O MUSCLE
LYMPHANGI/O LYMPH VESSLES
ADENIOD/O ADENOIDS
BLEPHER/O EYELID
ONCH/O NAIL
UNGU/O NAIL
BI/O LIFE
MYEL/O SPINAL CHORD / BONE MARROW
TONSIL/O TONSIL
HEM/O BLOOD
HEMAT/O BLOOD
ADEN/O GLAND
UTER/O UTERUS
HYSTER/O UTERUS
METR/O UTERUS
CHIEL/O LIPS
PHREN/O DIAPHRAM
LYMPHADEN/O LYMPH GLAND / LYMPH NODES
COLP/O VAGINA
VAGIN/O VAGINA
ORPHOR/O OVARY
OVARI/O OVARY
ADENOID/O ADENOIDS
PHUEM/O LUNG
PHEUMON/O LUNG
PULMAN/O LUNG
HIST/O TISSUE
HISTI/O TISSUE
CEPHAL/O HEAD
GLOSS/O TONGUE
LINGU/O TONGUE
ORCHID/O TESTIS / TESTICLES
TEST/O TESTIS / TESTICLES
COL/O COLON
VAS/O DUCTUS DIFERENS / VAS DEFERENS
BRONCH/O BRONCHUS
CERVIC/O NECK
ARTERI/O ARTERY
DERM/O SKIN
DERMAT/O SKIN
CUTANE/O SKIN
PHARYNG/ PHARYNX / THROAT
ESOPHAG/O ESOPHAGUS
OT/O EAR
NEUR/O NERVE
CHONDR/O CARTILAGE
PITUITAR/O PITITUARY GLAND
ARTHR/O JOINT
CONNECTIVE TISSUE SUPPORTS 2ND SHAPE, SHAPES BODY, KEEPS STRUCTURE IN PLACE
NERVOUS TISSUE MAKES NERVES THAT CONDUCT ELECTRICAL IMPULSES THROUGHOUT THE BODY
MUSCLE TISSUE CREATES MOVEMENT / TAKES NAME FROM LOCATION IN THE BODY
EPITHITHILIAL TISSUE COVERS EXTERNAL SURFACES OF THE BODY / LINES STRUCTURE AND KEEPS THE BODY IN PLACE