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Cell vocabulary

TermDefinition
Cell the smallest structural and functional unit of an organism. {eukaryotic or prokaryotic].
Organelle any of a number of organized or specialized structures within a living cell.
Prokaryotic A prokaryote is a unicellular organism that lacks a membrane-bound nucleus
Eukaryotic A eukaryote is any organism whose cells have a cell nucleus and other organelles enclosed within membranes.
Multicellular multicellular organisms are organisms that consist of more than one cell.
Unicellular consisting of a single cell.
Biotic relating to or resulting from living things.
Abiotic physical rather than biological
Cell membrane membrane surrounding the cytoplasm of a cell.
Cell wall a rigid layer of polysaccharides lying outside the plasma membrane of the cells of plants, fungi, and bacteria.
Chloroplast a plastid that contains chlorophyll and in which photosynthesis takes place.
Mitochondria an organelle found in large numbers in most cells.It has a double membrane, the inner layer being folded inward to form layers.
Cytoplasm the material or protoplasm within a living cell, excluding the nucleus.
Lysosome an organelle in the cytoplasm of eukaryotic cells containing degradative enzymes enclosed in a membrane.
Nucleus typically a single rounded structure bounded by a double membrane, containing the genetic material.
Cell theory is the fundamental structural and functional unit of living matter and that the organism is composed of autonomous cells with its properties being the sum of those of its cells.
Tissue tissue is a cellular organizational level intermediate between cells and a complete organ.
Organ a group of tissues in a living organism that have been adapted to perform a specific function.
Organ system an organ system is a group of organs that work together to perform one or more functions.
Organism An individual living thing that can react to stimuli, reproduce, grow, and maintain homeostasis. It can be a virus, bacterium, protist, fungus, plant or an animal.
Homeostasis Homeostasis is the ability to maintain a constant internal environment in response to environmental changes.
Created by: Paris_2020