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Endocrine

DrugClass/Action
Metformin (Glucophage) Oral Anti diabetic/ Inhibits hepatic glucose production and increases sensativity of peripheral tissue to insulin
Sitagliptin Phosphate Antidiabetic, oral/ Slows the inactivation of incretin hormones, improves glucose homeostasis, improves glucose-dependent insulin secreation, lowers glucagon secreations and slows gastric emptying time.
Glyburide Antidiabetic/ Causes functioning B cells in pancreas to release insulin, leading to drop in blood glucose levels, may improve insulin binding to insulin receptors and increase number of insulin receptors with prolonged administration
Glimepiride Antidiabetic/ Causes functioning B cells in pancreas to release insulin, leading to drop in blood glucose levels; may improve insulin binding to insulin receptors or increase the number of insulin receptors with pro longed administration.
Glipizide Antidiabetic/Causes functioning B cells in pancreas to release insulin, leading to drop in blood glucose levels; may improve insulin binding to insulin receptors or increase the number of insulin receptors with pro longed administration.
Pioglitazone Hydrochloride Oral Antidiabetic/ Specifically targets insulin resistance, an insulin sensitizer; regulates the transcription of a number of insulin-responsive genes.
Liraglutide Antidiabetic agent/ Improved glycemic control and potential weight loss via activation of the glucagon-like peptide (GLP-1) receptor
Insulin Aspart Antidiabetic, pancreatic hormone-Chem Class: Modified structure of endogenous human insulin/ Decreases blood glucose by transport of glucose into cells and the conversion of glucose to glycogen, indirectly increases blood pyruvate and lactate.
Insulin Lispro Antidiabetic, pancreatic hormone-Chem Class: Modified structure of endogenous human insulin/ Decreases blood glucose by transport of glucose into cells and the conversion of glucose to glycogen, indirectly increases blood pyruvate and lactate.
Insulin Detemir Antidiabetic, pancreatic hormone-Chem Class: Modified structure of endogenous human insulin/ Decreases blood glucose by transport of glucose into cells and the conversion of glucose to glycogen, indirectly increases blood pyruvate and lactate.
Insulin Glargine Antidiabetic, pancreatic hormone-Chem Class: Modified structure of endogenous human insulin/ Decreases blood glucose by transport of glucose into cells and the conversion of glucose to glycogen, indirectly increases blood pyruvate and lactate.
Levothyroxine Thyroid hormone/ Controls protein synthesis, increases metabolic rate, cardiac output, renal blood flow, oxygen consumption, body temp, blood volume, growth, development at cellular level via action on thyroid hormone receptor
Thyroid Thyroid hormone/ Increases metabolic rate, increases cardiac output, oxygen consumption, body, temp, blood volume, growth, development at cellular level.
Testosterone Androgenic anabolic steriod/Increases weight by building body tissues; increases potassium, phoshorous, chloride, nitrogen levels, increases bone development; responsible for maintenance of secondary sex characteristics(male).
Estradiol Estrogen, progestin/ Needed for adequate functioning of female reproductive system; affects release of pituitary gonadatropins, inhibits ovulation, promotes adequate calcium use in bone structure.
Estrogen, conjugated Functional and Chem Class absent/ Needed for adequate functioning of female reproductive system; affects release of pituitary gonadatropins, inhibits ovulation, promotes adequate calcium use in bone structure.
Oxybutynin Anticholinergic/Relaxes smooth muscle in urinary tract by inhibiting acetylcholine at postganglionic sites
Tamsulosin Hydrochloride Selective alpha adrenergic blocker, BPH agent/Binds preferentially to alpha IA adrenoceptor subtype located mainly in the prostate.
Finasteride Androgen hormone inhibitor, hair stimulant/ Inhibits 5 alpha reductase and reduction in dihydrotesterone (DHT); DHT induces androgenic effects by binding to androgen receptors in the cell nuclei of the prostate gland, liver, skin.
Anastrozole Antineoplastic/Highly selective non steriodal aromatase inhibitor that lowers serum estradiol concetrations; many breast cancers have strong estrogen receptors.
Phentermine Anorectic/Promotes weight loss when used for a short period of time.
Desogestrel-Ethinyl Estradiol Hormonal Contraceptive/Prevents ovulation by contraceptives suppressing FSH, LH, monophasic estrogen/progestin (fixed dose) used during 21 days cycle; thickening of cervical mucous and endometrial lining prevents pregnancy.
Ethinyl Estradiol/Drospirenone Hormonal Contraceptive/Prevents ovulation by contraceptives suppressing FSH, LH, monophasic estrogen/progestin (fixed dose) used during 21 days cycle; thickening of cervical mucous and endometrial lining prevents pregnancy.
Ethinyl Estradiol/Levonorgestrel Hormonal Contraceptive/Prevents ovulation by contraceptives suppressing FSH, LH, monophasic estrogen/progestin (fixed dose) used during 21 days cycle; thickening of cervical mucous and endometrial lining prevents pregnancy.
Ethinyl Estradiol/Norethindrone Hormonal Contraceptive/Prevents ovulation by contraceptives suppressing FSH, LH, monophasic estrogen/progestin (fixed dose) used during 21 days cycle; thickening of cervical mucous and endometrial lining prevents pregnancy.
Ethinyl Estradiol/Norgestimate Hormonal Contraceptive/Prevents ovulation by contraceptives suppressing FSH, LH, monophasic estrogen/progestin (fixed dose) used during 21 days cycle; thickening of cervical mucous and endometrial lining prevents pregnancy.
Metformin hydrochloride(Prandimet, Riomet, Metaglip, Glucovance) Biguanide/lowers blood glucose concentration in patients with type 2 diabetes without increasing insulin secretion from pancreatic B cells.
metformin sitagliptin (janumet) dipeptidyl petidase/triflurophenyl/diabetes/ an enzyme that inactivates uncertain hormones glucagon-like peptide
Created by: hartnellvn2018