Busy. Please wait.
or

show password
Forgot Password?

Don't have an account?  Sign up 
or

Username is available taken
show password

why


Make sure to remember your password. If you forget it there is no way for StudyStack to send you a reset link. You would need to create a new account.
We do not share your email address with others. It is only used to allow you to reset your password. For details read our Privacy Policy and Terms of Service.


Already a StudyStack user? Log In

Reset Password
Enter the associated with your account, and we'll email you a link to reset your password.

Remove ads
Don't know
Know
remaining cards
Save
0:01
To flip the current card, click it or press the Spacebar key.  To move the current card to one of the three colored boxes, click on the box.  You may also press the UP ARROW key to move the card to the "Know" box, the DOWN ARROW key to move the card to the "Don't know" box, or the RIGHT ARROW key to move the card to the Remaining box.  You may also click on the card displayed in any of the three boxes to bring that card back to the center.

Pass complete!

"Know" box contains:
Time elapsed:
Retries:
restart all cards




share
Embed Code - If you would like this activity on your web page, copy the script below and paste it into your web page.

  Normal Size     Small Size show me how

Cardio

DrugClass/Action
Olmesartan Medoxomil Func Class: Anti hypertensive/Action: Blocks the vasoconstrictor and aldosterone-secreting effects of angiotension II;selectively blocks the binding of angiotension II to the AT1 receptor found in tissues
Valsartan Anti-hypertensive-Blocks the vasoconstrictor and aldosteron-secreting effects of angiotension II;selectively blocks the binding of angiotension II to the AT1 receptor found in the tissues.
Valsartan/Hydrocholorothiazide Func Class: Angiotensin II receptor antagonist and Diuretic/Action: The angiotensin II receptor blocker works by relaxing the blood vessels. Diuretic is used to eliminate fluids and sodium from the body.
Diltiazem Calcium channel blocker, antianginal, antiarrhythmic class IV, antihypertensive-Inhibits calcium ion influx across the cell membrane during cardiac depolorization produces relaxation of coronary vascular smooth muscle, dilates coronary arteries.
Verapamil Calcium channel blocker;antihypertensive, antianginal, antidsyrythmic (class IV)-Inhibits calcium ion influx across the cell membrane during cardiac depolarization;produces relaxation of coronary vascular smooth muscle, peripheral vascular smooth muscle,
Amlodipine Besylate Antianginal, calcium channel blocker, antihypertensive-Inhibits calcium ion influx across cell membrane during cardiac depolarization;produces relaxation of coronary vascular smooth muscle, peripheral vascular smooth muscle, dilates coronary vascular arte
Amlodipine Besylate/Benazepril Hydrochloride Func Class: nonsulfhydryl angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor/Action: catalyzes the conversion of angiotensin I to the vasoconstrictor substance angiotensin II. Angiotensin II also stimulates aldosterone secretion by the adrenal cortex.
Nifedipine Calcium channel blocker, antianginal, anti hypertensive-Inhibits calcium ion influx across cell membrane during cardiac depolarization; produces relaxation of coronary vascular smooth muscle; dilates coronary vascular arteries, increases myocardial oxygen
Hydralazine hydrochloride Anti hypertensive, direct acting peripheral vasodilator/Chem Class: Phthalazine/Vasodilates artieroles in smooth muscle by direct relaxation; reduces B/P with reflex increases in heart rate, stroke volume, cardiac output.
Isosorbide mononitrate Antianginal, vasodilator, Chem class: Nitrate/ Relaxation of vascular smooth muscle, which leads to decreased preload, after load thus decreasing left ventricular end- diastolic pressur, and systemic vascular resistance and reducing cardiac oxygen demand.
Nitroglycerin Coronary vasodilator, antianginal, Chem Class: Nitrate/Decreases preload and afterload, which thus decreases left ventricular end diastolic pressure and systemic vascular resistance; dilates coronary arteries and improves blood flow through coronary vascu
Atorvastatin Antilipemic, Chem class: HMG-CoA reductase inhibitor/ Inhibits HMG-CoA reductase enzyme, which reduces cholesterol synthesis, high doses lead to plaque regression.
Lovastatin Antilipemic, Chem Class: HMG-CoA reductase inhibitor/By inhibiting HMG-CoA reductase, which reduces cholesterol synthesis.
Pravastatin Sodium Antilipemic/Inhibits biosynthesis of VLD, LDL, which are responsible for cholesterol development, by inhibiting the enzyme, HMG-CoA reductase.
Rosuvastatin Calcium Antilipemic/ Inhibits HMG-CoA reductase, which reduces cholesterol synthesis.
Simvastatin Antilipemic/Inhibits HMG-CoA reductase enzyme, which reduces cholesterol synthesis; this enzyme is needed for cholesterol production.
Fenofibrate Antilipemic, Chem CLass: Fibric acid derivative/ Increases lipolysis and elmination of trigylceride-rich particles from plasma by activating lipoprotein lipase, resulting in triglyceride change in size and composition of LDL.
Gemfibrozil Antilipemic/Inhibits biosynthesis of VLDL, decreases triglycerides production in the liver, increases HDLs.
Ezetimibe Antilipemic/Inhibits absorption of cholesterol by the small intestine.
Warfarin Anticoagulant/ Interferes with blood clotting by indirect means; depresses hepatic synthesis of vitamin K-dependent coagulation factors (II, VII, IX, X)
Dabigatran Etexilate Mesylate Anticoagulant, Chem Class: Thrombin inhibitor/ Direct thrombin inhibitor that inhibits both free and clot-bound thrombin, prevents thrombin-induced platelet aggregation and thrombus formation by preventing conversion of fibrinogen to fibrin.
Rivaroxaban Anticoagulant, Chem Class: Factor Xa inhibitor/ A novel, oral anticoagulant tat selectively and potently inhibits coagulation factor Xa.
Clopidogrel Bisulfate Platelet aggregation inhibitor/ Inhibits first and second phases of ADP-induced effects in platelet aggregation.
Digoxin Inotropic antidysrhythmic, cardiac glycoside Chem Class: Digitalis preparation/ Inhibits sodium-potassium ATPase, which makes more calcium available for contractile proteins, resulting in increased cardiac output; increases force of contraction.
Amiodarone Hydrochloride Antidyrhythmic(Class III) Chem Class: Iodinated benzofuran derivative/ Prolongs action potential duration and effective refractory period, non competitive alpha and Beta adrenergic inhibition; increases PR and QT intervals and decreases sinus rate.
Omega-3-acid Ethyl Ester (Lovaza) Func Class: Antihyperlipidemic Action: reduces triglyceride levels
Aspirin Func Class: Nonopioid Analgesic Chem Class: Salicylate Action: Blocks pain impulses by blocking COX-1 in CNS, reduces inflammation
Furosemide (Lasix) Func Class: Loop diuretic Chem Class: Sulfonamide derivative Action: Acts on the ascending loop of Henle in the kidney
Chlorthalidone Class: Antihypertensive, diuretic
Hydrochlorothiazide Func Class: diuretic, antihypertensive Chem Class: Thiazide, sulfonamide derivative
Triamterene Hydrochlorothiazide Func Class: Triamterene is a potassium-sparing diuretic. HCTZ is also a diuretic
Spironolactone (Aldactone) Func Class: potassium-sparing diuretic Chem Class: aldosterone antagonist
Potassium Func Class: electrolyte, mineral replacement Chem Class: Potassium Action: used for adequate transmission of nerve impulses and cardiac contraction, renal function, intracellular ion maintenance
Doxazosin Mesylate (Cardura) Func Class: peripheral a-adrenergic blocker, antihypertensive Chem Class: Quinazoline Action: peripheral blood vessels are dilated, peripheral resistance lowered; reduction in BP
Terazosin Func Class: antihypertensive Chem Class: a-adrenergic blocker (peripherally acting) Action: peripheral blood vessels are dilated, peripheral resistance lowered; reduction in BP
Clonidine (Catapres) Func Class: antihypertensive, centrally acting analgesic Chem Class: centrally acting a-adrenergic agonist Action: inhibits sympathetic vasomotor center in CNS
Propranolol Hyrdochloride (Inderal) Func Class: antihypertensive, antianginal, antidysrhythmic Chem Class: b-adrenergic blocker
Propranolol Hydrochloride/Hydrochlorothiazide Func Class: Beta blocker, diuretic, antihypertensive
Atenolol (Tenormin) Func Class: antihypertensive Chem Class: beta blocker
Atenolol; Chlorthalidone Func Class: beta blocker, diuretic, antihypertensive
Metoprolol (Lopressor, Toprol-XL) Func Class: antihypertensive, antianginal Chem Class: beta 1 adrenergic blocker
Carvedilol (Coreg) Func Class: antihypertensive, a/b-blocker Action: causes reduction in peripheral vascular resistance and vasodilation
Nebivolol Hydrochloride (Bystolic) Func Class: antihypertensive Chem Class: b1-blocker
Benazepril Hydrochloride (Lotensin) Func Class: antihypertensive Chem Class: ACE inhibitor Action: inhibits ACE, preventing conversion of angiotensin I to II
Enalapril Maleate (Vasotec) Func Class: Antihypertensive Chem Class: ACE inhibitor Action: dilation of arterial and venous vessels
Lisinopril (Zestril) Func Class: antihypertensive, ACE inhibitor Chem Class: enalaprilat lysine analog
Lisinopril Hydrochlorothiazide Func Class: ACE inhibitor, thiazides diuretic
Quinapril Func Class: Anti hypertensive; Action: suppresses renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system; inhibits ACE; prevents conversion of angiotensin I to angiotensin II results; in dilatation of arterial venous vessels.
Ramipril Func Class: Anti hypertensive/Action: suppresses renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system; inhibits ACE; prevents conversion of angiotensin I to angiotensin II results; in dilatation of arterial venous vessels.
Losartan Potassium Func Class: Anti hypertensive/ Action: blocks the vasoconsrictor and aldosterone-secreting effects of angiotensin II; selectively blocks the binding of angiotensin II to the AT1 receptor found in the tissues.
Losartan potassium/Hydrochlorothiazide Func Class: Anti hypertensive/ Action: blocking vasoconstriction and aldosterone-secreting effects of angiotensin II and diuretic reduces plasma volume, increases aldosterone secreation increases urinary potassium loss, decreases serum potassium
Ezetimibe/ Simvastatin Func Class: Antilipemic agent and Statin/Action: lowers high cholesterol and triglyceride levels. This may reduce the risk of heart attack, stroke, and blood vessel problems.
Created by: hartnellvn2018