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bio204.s1.d29

cava bio 204 s1.d29 2.18 Nucleic Acids

QuestionAnswer
all living things contain organic macromolecules called [-s], which provide all of the instructions for an organism's growth and development all living things contain organic macromolecules called nucleic acids, which provide all of the instructions for an organism's growth and development
[...] contains an organism's genetic information, which is passed from generation to generation, while RNA uses the instructions provided in [...] to build proteins. DNA contains an organism's genetic information, which is passed from generation to generation, while RNA uses the instructions provided in DNA to build proteins.
DNA contains an organism's genetic information, which is passed from generation to generation, while [...] uses the instructions provided in DNA to build proteins. DNA contains an organism's genetic information, which is passed from generation to generation, while RNA uses the instructions provided in DNA to build proteins.
DNA is shaped like a twisted ladder or double [...]. DNA is shaped like a twisted ladder or double helix.
In 1953, after years of research, American scientist James [...] and English scientist Francis Crick were able to determine that DNA was arranged in a shape called a double helix In 1953, after years of research, American scientist James Watson and English scientist Francis Crick were able to determine that DNA was arranged in a shape called a double helix
In 1953, after years of research, American scientist James Watson and English scientist Francis [...] were able to determine that DNA was arranged in a shape called a double helix In 1953, after years of research, American scientist James Watson and English scientist Francis Crick were able to determine that DNA was arranged in a shape called a double helix
Nucleic acids are made of smaller units called [-s] Nucleic acids are made of smaller units called nucleotides
A nucleotide is a small molecule made of five-carbon [-s], a phosphate group, and a nitrogenous base. A nucleotide is a small molecule made of five-carbon sugars, a phosphate group, and a nitrogenous base.
A nucleotide is a small molecule made of five-carbon sugars, a [-ate] group, and a nitrogenous base. A nucleotide is a small molecule made of five-carbon sugars, a phosphate group, and a nitrogenous base.
A nucleotide is a small molecule made of five-carbon sugars, a phosphate group, and a [-ous] base. A nucleotide is a small molecule made of five-carbon sugars, a phosphate group, and a nitrogenous base.
[...] = having nitrogen in it. Nitrogenous = having nitrogen in it.
RNA contains the sugar [...], while DNA contains the sugar deoxy[...] (de-, un + oxy-, oxygen = having less oxygen). RNA contains the sugar ribose, while DNA contains the sugar deoxyribose (de-, un + oxy-, oxygen = having less oxygen).
RNA contains the sugar ribose, while DNA contains the sugar [...] (de-, un + oxy-, oxygen = having less oxygen). RNA contains the sugar ribose, while DNA contains the sugar deoxyribose (de-, un + oxy-, oxygen = having less oxygen).
Deoxyribose (un-oxygened ribose) is like ribose with an [...] atom taken away. Deoxyribose (un-oxygened ribose) is like ribose with an oxygen atom taken away.
DNA contains four nitrogenous bases: 1. [-ine] 2. Thymine 3. Cytosine 4. Guanine DNA contains four nitrogenous bases: 1. Adenine 2. Thymine 3. Cytosine 4. Guanine
DNA contains four nitrogenous bases: 1. Adenine 2. [-ine] 3. Cytosine 4. Guanine DNA contains four nitrogenous bases: 1. Adenine 2. Thymine 3. Cytosine 4. Guanine
DNA contains four nitrogenous bases: 1. Adenine 2. Thymine 3. [-ine] 4. Guanine DNA contains four nitrogenous bases: 1. Adenine 2. Thymine 3. Cytosine 4. Guanine
DNA contains four nitrogenous bases: 1. Adenine 2. Thymine 3. Cytosine 4. [...] DNA contains four nitrogenous bases: 1. Adenine 2. Thymine 3. Cytosine 4. Guanine
Adenine and Guanine are *[-ines]*. Adenine and Guanine are *purines*. (Remember that you want A *pure* bowl of Guacamole)
Thymine and Cytosine are *[-ines]. Thymine and Cytosine are *pyrimidines*. (Remember that The Cheese is hidden in the pyramid)
Pyrimidines have only one [...], just as a pyramid has only one base... purines have two [-s] because a two-ring circus is just pure fun! Pyrimidines have only one ring, just as a pyramid has only one base... purines have two rings because a two-ring circus is just pure fun!
It's easy to get thymine and thiamine mixed up. Thiamine is vitamin B1; not one of the nitrogenous bases in DNA. Remember that thiAmine is [... ...], while thymine has no A in it; not [... ...]. It's easy to get thymine and thiamine mixed up. Thiamine is vitamin B1; not one of the nitrogenous bases in DNA. Remember that thiAmine is A vitamin, while thymine has no A in it; not A vitamin.
You'll notice in the base pairs of DNA that a [p-] is always paired with a [p-]. You'll notice in the base pairs of DNA that a pyrimidine is always paired with a purine.
Here's how you can remember the base pairs in DNA: They serve delicious DNA [...] Here's how you can remember the base pairs in DNA: They serve delicious DNA At The Golden Corral (A+T and G+C) (Golden Corral is a buffet-style restaurant)
Unlike DNA, RNA is [...]-stranded. Unlike DNA, RNA is single-stranded.
In RNA, thymine is replaced by [...]... a very similar nitrogenous base. I don't think anyone knows why this should be... just a quirk of nature I guess. In RNA, thymine is replaced by uracil... a very similar nitrogenous base. I don't think anyone knows why this should be... just a quirk of nature I guess.
Here's the trick to remembering the base pairs in RNA: [...] Here's the trick to remembering the base pairs in RNA: AUstralia is a Great Country ( A+U and G+C; adenine+uracil and guanine+cytosine)
[-NA] is like the master plan for some project. You keep it safe somewhere and only take it out to make copies. [-NA] is the blueprints; cheap temporary copies of part of the master plan that you give to the construction guys. DNA is like the master plan for some project. You keep it safe somewhere and only take it out to make copies. RNA is the blueprints; cheap temporary copies of part of the master plan that you give to the construction guys.
[-prints] were cheap quick copies of technical drawings for buildings, ships, etc. They were basically the first xerox copies, but the process gave them a blue background (hence the name). Blueprints were cheap quick copies of technical drawings for buildings, ships, etc. They were basically the first xerox copies, but the process gave them a blue background (hence the name).
RNA isn't just used as a temporary copy of the DNA code, some strands of RNA act like little construction workers to assemble [...]. RNA isn't just used as a temporary copy of the DNA code, some strands of RNA act like little construction workers to assemble proteins.
All RNA is just RNA, but there are three main jobs that RNA does and biologists use three names for RNA depending on which job it's doing: 1. mRNA = [...] RNA 2. rRNA = ribosomal RNA 3. tRNA = transfer RNA All RNA is just RNA, but there are three main jobs that RNA does and biologists use three names for RNA depending on which job it's doing: 1. mRNA = messenger RNA 2. rRNA = ribosomal RNA 3. tRNA = transfer RNA
All RNA is just RNA, but there are three main jobs that RNA does and biologists use three names for RNA depending on which job it's doing: 1. mRNA = messenger RNA 2. rRNA = [...] RNA 3. tRNA = transfer RNA All RNA is just RNA, but there are three main jobs that RNA does and biologists use three names for RNA depending on which job it's doing: 1. mRNA = messenger RNA 2. rRNA = ribosomal RNA 3. tRNA = transfer RNA
All RNA is just RNA, but there are three main jobs that RNA does and biologists use three names for RNA depending on which job it's doing: 1. mRNA = messenger RNA 2. rRNA = ribosomal RNA 3. tRNA = [...] RNA All RNA is just RNA, but there are three main jobs that RNA does and biologists use three names for RNA depending on which job it's doing: 1. mRNA = messenger RNA 2. rRNA = ribosomal RNA 3. tRNA = transfer RNA
[-tion] = (tran-, accross) + (scribe, to write) = copying words, code, etc. onto another medium e.g. spoken words to written words (but not into another language, that's translation) Transcription = (tran-, accross) + (scribe, to write) = copying words, code, etc. onto another medium e.g. spoken words to written words (but not into another language, that's translation)
mRNA, messenger RNA, just functions as the [...] for building proteins. mRNA, messenger RNA, just functions as the blueprint for building proteins.
rRNA, ribosomal RNA, forms a molecular machine called a [...] that reads the code from messenger RNA and assembles the proteins they code for (remember how I told you that RNA is like a blueprint that can also do the construction) rRNA, ribosomal RNA, forms a molecular machine called a ribosome that reads the code from messenger RNA and assembles the proteins they code for (remember how I told you that RNA is like a blueprint that can also do the construction)
tRNA, transfer RNA, carries [-s] to the ribosomes so they can be used to build proteins (again, RNA is like a blueprint that can also do some of the construction itself). tRNA, transfer RNA, carries amino acids to the ribosomes so they can be used to build proteins (again, RNA is like a blueprint that can also do some of the construction itself).
Created by: mr.shapard