Save
Busy. Please wait.
or

show password
Forgot Password?

Don't have an account?  Sign up 
or

Username is available taken
show password

why


Make sure to remember your password. If you forget it there is no way for StudyStack to send you a reset link. You would need to create a new account.
We do not share your email address with others. It is only used to allow you to reset your password. For details read our Privacy Policy and Terms of Service.


Already a StudyStack user? Log In

Reset Password
Enter the associated with your account, and we'll email you a link to reset your password.
focusNode
Didn't know it?
click below
 
Knew it?
click below
Don't know
Remaining cards (0)
Know
0:00
share
Embed Code - If you would like this activity on your web page, copy the script below and paste it into your web page.

  Normal Size     Small Size show me how

bio204.s1.d24

cava bio 204 s1.d24 2.13 Complex Carbohydrates

QuestionAnswer
poly- = prefix meaning '[...]' poly- = prefix meaning 'many'
[-ides] are made up of many simple carbohydrate molecules linked together. polysaccharides are made up of many simple carbohydrate molecules linked together.
Another word for polysaccharides is '[...] carbohydrates'... this is really more of a term from the dieting world than from biology. Another word for polysaccharides is 'complex carbohydrates'... this is really more of a term from the dieting world than from biology.
Animals store a limited amount of carbohydrates is the liver and in muscles as a polysaccharide called [...]. (glyco-, glucose; -gen, generating: glucose can be generated from it) Animals store a limited amount of carbohydrates is the liver and in muscles as a polysaccharide called glycogen. (glyco-, glucose; -gen, generating: glucose can be generated from it)
The main energy storage molecule of plants is [...]; a very large polysaccharide made from hundreds of glucose molecules. The main energy storage molecule of plants is starch; a very large polysaccharide made from hundreds of glucose molecules.
The largest starch molecule is [....] starch. The largest starch molecule is potato starch.
Digestible starch is broken down to pure [...] in the body. Digestible starch is broken down to pure glucose in the body.
The more [...] a starch molecule has, the easier it is to digest, because digestive enzymes work on the [...]-ends. The more branches a starch molecule has, the easier it is to digest, because digestive enzymes work on the branch-ends.
[-ase] is an enzyme you use to break down starch. (specifically, a component of starches called 'amylose') Amylase is an enzyme you use to break down starch. (specifically, a component of starches called 'amylose')
In biology, the '-[...]' ending is used for enzymes. In biology, the '-ase' ending is used for enzymes.
In biology, must sugars get an '-[...]' ending. In biology, must sugars get an '-ose' ending.
[-ose] is the main component of wood, paper, cotton and cardboard. Cellulose is the main component of wood, paper, cotton and cardboard.
The [....] molecules in cellulose are bonded together in a different way compared to starch. This special bond is much harder to break down. The glucose molecules in cellulose are bonded together in a different way compared to starch. This special bond is much harder to break down.
Only certain bacteria and fungi produce enzymes that break down [-ose]. This is why cows have that special 4-chambered stomach... inside their stomach are bacteria that break down the [-ose] in the grass they eat. Only certain bacteria and fungi produce enzymes that break down cellulose. This is why cows have that special 4-chambered stomach... inside their stomach are bacteria that break down the cellulose in the grass they eat.
NO animals can digest cellulose, but many animals harbor beneficial [...] in their guts that CAN digest cellulose. NO animals can digest cellulose, but many animals harbor beneficial bacteria in their guts that CAN digest cellulose.
The cellulose-digesting bacteria in cows and other animals generally produce short-chain fatty acids, which they share with their hosts. One of the common fatty acids is butyrate, which is common in [...]. The cellulose-digesting bacteria in cows and other animals generally produce short-chain fatty acids, which they share with their hosts. One of the common fatty acids is butyrate, which is common in butter.
Glycogen differs from starch in being a more highly [-ed] molecule. Glycogen differs from starch in being a more highly branched molecule.
Animals do not store much of their energy in carbohydrate form (as glycogen) because for the same amount of energy, carbohydrates are generally larger and more than twice as [...]. Animals do not store much of their energy in carbohydrate form (as glycogen) because for the same amount of energy, carbohydrates are generally larger and more than twice as heavy.
Factoid: In the forests of Costa Rica lives a cecropia tree, which is unique among all the plants on earth: It produces [...], which it feeds to ants. Factoid: In the forests of Costa Rica lives a cecropia tree, which is unique among all the plants on earth: It produces glycogen, which it feeds to ants.
Created by: mr.shapard
 

 



Voices

Use these flashcards to help memorize information. Look at the large card and try to recall what is on the other side. Then click the card to flip it. If you knew the answer, click the green Know box. Otherwise, click the red Don't know box.

When you've placed seven or more cards in the Don't know box, click "retry" to try those cards again.

If you've accidentally put the card in the wrong box, just click on the card to take it out of the box.

You can also use your keyboard to move the cards as follows:

If you are logged in to your account, this website will remember which cards you know and don't know so that they are in the same box the next time you log in.

When you need a break, try one of the other activities listed below the flashcards like Matching, Snowman, or Hungry Bug. Although it may feel like you're playing a game, your brain is still making more connections with the information to help you out.

To see how well you know the information, try the Quiz or Test activity.

Pass complete!

"Know" box contains:
Time elapsed:
Retries:
restart all cards