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bio204.s1.d24

cava bio 204 s1.d24 2.13 Complex Carbohydrates

QuestionAnswer
poly- = prefix meaning '[...]' poly- = prefix meaning 'many'
[-ides] are made up of many simple carbohydrate molecules linked together. polysaccharides are made up of many simple carbohydrate molecules linked together.
Another word for polysaccharides is '[...] carbohydrates'... this is really more of a term from the dieting world than from biology. Another word for polysaccharides is 'complex carbohydrates'... this is really more of a term from the dieting world than from biology.
Animals store a limited amount of carbohydrates is the liver and in muscles as a polysaccharide called [...]. (glyco-, glucose; -gen, generating: glucose can be generated from it) Animals store a limited amount of carbohydrates is the liver and in muscles as a polysaccharide called glycogen. (glyco-, glucose; -gen, generating: glucose can be generated from it)
The main energy storage molecule of plants is [...]; a very large polysaccharide made from hundreds of glucose molecules. The main energy storage molecule of plants is starch; a very large polysaccharide made from hundreds of glucose molecules.
The largest starch molecule is [....] starch. The largest starch molecule is potato starch.
Digestible starch is broken down to pure [...] in the body. Digestible starch is broken down to pure glucose in the body.
The more [...] a starch molecule has, the easier it is to digest, because digestive enzymes work on the [...]-ends. The more branches a starch molecule has, the easier it is to digest, because digestive enzymes work on the branch-ends.
[-ase] is an enzyme you use to break down starch. (specifically, a component of starches called 'amylose') Amylase is an enzyme you use to break down starch. (specifically, a component of starches called 'amylose')
In biology, the '-[...]' ending is used for enzymes. In biology, the '-ase' ending is used for enzymes.
In biology, must sugars get an '-[...]' ending. In biology, must sugars get an '-ose' ending.
[-ose] is the main component of wood, paper, cotton and cardboard. Cellulose is the main component of wood, paper, cotton and cardboard.
The [....] molecules in cellulose are bonded together in a different way compared to starch. This special bond is much harder to break down. The glucose molecules in cellulose are bonded together in a different way compared to starch. This special bond is much harder to break down.
Only certain bacteria and fungi produce enzymes that break down [-ose]. This is why cows have that special 4-chambered stomach... inside their stomach are bacteria that break down the [-ose] in the grass they eat. Only certain bacteria and fungi produce enzymes that break down cellulose. This is why cows have that special 4-chambered stomach... inside their stomach are bacteria that break down the cellulose in the grass they eat.
NO animals can digest cellulose, but many animals harbor beneficial [...] in their guts that CAN digest cellulose. NO animals can digest cellulose, but many animals harbor beneficial bacteria in their guts that CAN digest cellulose.
The cellulose-digesting bacteria in cows and other animals generally produce short-chain fatty acids, which they share with their hosts. One of the common fatty acids is butyrate, which is common in [...]. The cellulose-digesting bacteria in cows and other animals generally produce short-chain fatty acids, which they share with their hosts. One of the common fatty acids is butyrate, which is common in butter.
Glycogen differs from starch in being a more highly [-ed] molecule. Glycogen differs from starch in being a more highly branched molecule.
Animals do not store much of their energy in carbohydrate form (as glycogen) because for the same amount of energy, carbohydrates are generally larger and more than twice as [...]. Animals do not store much of their energy in carbohydrate form (as glycogen) because for the same amount of energy, carbohydrates are generally larger and more than twice as heavy.
Factoid: In the forests of Costa Rica lives a cecropia tree, which is unique among all the plants on earth: It produces [...], which it feeds to ants. Factoid: In the forests of Costa Rica lives a cecropia tree, which is unique among all the plants on earth: It produces glycogen, which it feeds to ants.
Created by: mr.shapard