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Blood and CSF Unit

How is Streptobacillus moniliformis and Spirillum minor similar in their mode of infection? Infect humans through "rodent bites"
What is the difference in gram stain between Streptobacillus moniliformis and Spirillum minor? Streptobacillus is a gram negative rod (Sometimes coccobacilluary or coccoid forms with extreme polymorphism) Spirillum minor is a gram negative spirochete
How is Spirillum minor diagnosed? Diagnosis dependent on demonstrating organisms in clinical specimens.
What are the three stages of a Borrelia burgdorferi infection? Stage 1 - lesions/bulls eye skin lesion Stage 2 - Dissemination of the spirochete - may manifest arthritis, neurologic disorders, and carditis Stage 3 - Chronic Phase - arthritis is the hallmark
How is Buorrelia burgdorferi cultured? Kelly's Medium, 33 Celsius, 1 month
How is Leptospira interrogans cultured? Fletcher or Stuart's Media, 30 Celsius, 6-14 days up to 6 weeks
What are the three genus of spirochetes that are clinically relevant? 1) Borrelia 2) Leptospira 3) Treponema
Created by: cfchang



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