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Section B

BACB Section B

Dimensions of ABA GET A CAB
Generality Extends behaviors across, setting, time, other behaviors
Effective Improves behavior in a practical manner, not simply making a change that is statistically significant
Technological Defines procedures clearly & in details so they are replicable
Applied Socially significant behaviors. Also helps significant others so that they behave more positively towards the client
Conceptually Systematic All procedures should derived from basic principles of behavior analysis from which they were derived
Analytical Functional Relationship is demonstrated. Describes when the experimenter has demonstrated a functional relation between the manipulated events & a reliable change in some measurable dimension of the targeted behavior.
Behavioral Observable events. The behavior one chooses must be the behavior in need of improvement.
Experimental Control When a predictable change in behavior can be reliably produced by the systematic manipulation of some aspect of the individual's environment (IV).
5 Main Experimental Designs MC RAW-Multiple Baseline, Changing Criterion, Reversal, Alternating Treatments, Withdrawal
Multiple Baseline Staggered implementation of the IV in a step-wise fashion across behaviors, settings, & subjects. Do not have to withdraw a treatment variable in this design
5 Types of Multiple Baseline Designs Multiple Baseline Across Settings, Behaviors, Subjects, Multiple Probe Design, Delayed Multiple Baseline Design
Multiple Baseline Across Behaviors Two or more different behavior of SAME SUBJECT. Each subject serves as his/her own control. After steady baseline responding, the IV is applied to the first behavior, which other behaviors are kept in baseline
Multiple Baseline Across Settings A single behavior is targeted in 2 or more different setting or conditions. After steady state baseline responding, the IV is applied to the first setting, while other setting are kept in baseline.
Multiple Baseline Across Subjects One target behavior for 2 or more subjects in the SAME Setting. After steady state baseline responding, the IV is applied first subject, while other subject re kept in baseline. Most widely used multiple baseline design
Multiple Probe Design Analyzes relation between the IV and acquisition of skills sequences. Employs a multiple baseline assessment strategy applied to the acquisition. Baseline data are not collected continuously.
Delayed Multiple Baseline Design Initial baseline & intervention begin & subsequent baselines are added in a delayed or staggered fashion.
Changing Criterion Design Experimental design in which an initial baseline phase is followed by..A series of treatment phases consisting of successive & gradually changing criteria for reinforcement or punishment ..There is only ONE behavior; must be in the individual's repertoire
Reversal Design Any experimental design in which the researcher REVERSES responding to a level obtained in a previous condition. Each reversal strengthens experimental control ABAB/BAB
5 Types of Reversal Designs Repeated Reversals, BAB, Multiple Treatment Design, NCR Reversal and DRO/DRI/DRA Reversal Technique
Alternating Treatments Design Experimental design in which 2 or more conditions are presented in alternating succession independent of the level of responding & the differential effects on the target behavior are noted; compare 2 or more IVs to one another to determine the best IV
Repeated Reversals Simple extensions of A-B-A-B; the more reversals, the stronger your evidence of control
BAB Reversal Best design when your client displays severe & dangerous behaviors, as you do not wait to start IV with this design Disadvantage: sequence effects
Sequence effects Effects on a subject's behavior in a given condition that are the result of the subject's experience with a prior condition
Multiple Treatment Design A type of reversal design that compares 2 or more IVs are compared to baseline &/or to one another. You might see a C or D added into the reversal. Disadvantage: sequence effects
NCR Reversal Technique Experimental technique for showing effects of NCR as a control condition instead of a baseline condition in which no reinforcement is provided; allows us to examine contingent reinforcement
DRO/DRI/DRA Reversal Technique An experimental technique for showing the effects of reinforcement by using DRO, DRA, or DRI as a control condition instead of a baseline condition in which no reinforcement is provided. DRO- R+ following any bx other than target DRA-R+ alternative
Irreversibility The level of behavior observed in an earlier phase cannot be reproduced even though experimental conditions are the same as they were during the earlier phase.
Internal Validity The extent to which an experiment shows convincingly that changes in behavior are a function of the IV & not the result of uncontrolled or unknown variables.
Confounding Variables Any uncontrolled factor known or suspected to exert influence on the dependent variable
Extraneous Variable Any aspect of the ENVIRONMENT that must be held constant to prevent unplanned environment variation
External Validity Degree to which a study's results are generalizable to other subjects, settings, & /or behaviors.