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EMT Med Term (long)

AAOS 11th ed. Chapter 5 pages 164-171

TermDefinition
abdomin/o abdomen
acou/o or acoust/o hearing
aden/o gland
adip/o fat
alb/o white
alges/o pain
andr/o man
angi/o vessel
angin/o blood vessel
ankyl/o fused, stiff
anter/o front
aort/o aorta
append/o appendix
arteri/o artery
arthr/o joint
asthen/o weak
atel/o incomplete
ather/o fat
atri/o atrium
audi/o to hear
aur/o ear
aut/o self
bacteri/o bacteria
bi life or two
bil/i bile
blast/o developing cell; budding
blephar/o eyelid
brachi/o arm
bronch/i airway, bronchus
bucc/o cheek
burs/o pouch, sac, bag
calc/i calcium
carcin/o cancer
cardi/o heart
carp/o wrist
cartil/o catilage
caud/o tail
cec/o cecum, intestine
cel/o hernia, protrusion
cent/e to puncture (a body cavity)
cent/i 100; metric system
cephal/o head
cerebr/o brain, cerebrum
cervic/o neck
chol/e bile
chondr/o cartilage
chrom/o color
chron/o time
cirrh/o yellow-orange
cleid/o clavicle
col/o colon; large intestine
colp/o vagina
condyl/o knuckle of a joint
cor/o pupil
corne/o cornea
cost/o rib
crani/o cranium; skull
crin/o to secrete
cubitus elbow
cutane/o skin
cyan/o blue
cycl/o circle or cycle
cyst/o bladder
cyt/o cell
derm(at)/o skin
digit finger or toe
dipl/o two; double
dips/o thirst
disk/o flat shape (intervertebral disk)
dist/o distant; away
diverticul/o diverticulum; small intestinal pouch
dors/o back
duct/o lead; move
duoden/o duodenum (small intestine)
ech/o to bounce; sound
ede swelling
elast/o change shape
electr/o electricity
embol/o plug traveling through the bloodstream
embry/o embryo (early fetus/baby)
emesis vomit
emmetr/o according to measure
encephal/o brain
enter/o small intestine
episi/o vulva
erythr/o red
esthesi sensation or perception
febr fever
flex bend
foramen opening; hole
fract break
gastr/o stomach
gest carry or produce (congestion)
glyc/o sugar; sweet
gno to know (diagnosis)
gyn/o woman; female
hem(at)/o blood
hepat/o liver
heter/o other; different
hom/o same
hydr/o water
idi/o person, self; distinctively itself
lact/o milk
leuk/o white
lingu/o tongue
mal/o abnormal, bad
medi/o middle
melan/o black; dark
men/o month; menstruation
mening/o membrane (around central nervous system)
myel/o marrow or spinal cord
my/o muscle
nephr/o nephrons (of the kidneys)
ocul/o eye
opthalm/o eye
oste/o bone
ot/o ear
ov/o egg
palpate examine by touch
path/o disease
percuss examine by striking/tapping
phag/o eat
pharyng/o (back of) throat
phot/o light
pleur/o rib; side
pneum(at)/o lungs; air
pneumo(n)/o lung
pod/i foot
pseud/o false
psych/o mind
pto fall
ptyal/o saliva
pulmon/o lungs
pur or py pus
pyr/o fire; heat
quadr/o or quar four
ren/o kidney
rhin/o nose
sangui(n)o blood
scler/o hard; white of eyes
sebum a fatty secretion of the sebaceous glands (oily hair)
sect/o cut
sept/o wall, divider; seven
serum watery, clear fluid
sinus cavity or hollow space
som(a) body
spir/o coil; to breathe
stern/o sternum, breastbone
stomat/o mouth
thorac/o chest
tom/o cut
toxic/o poisonous
trich/o hair
ur/o urine
uter/o uterus, womb
varic/o dilated vein
vas/o blood vessel
viscer/o internal organ
xen/o foreign object (or material)
xer/o dry
a(n)- without
ab- away from
ad to, toward
ana- up, back, again
ante- before, forward
anti- against, opposed to
auto- self
bi- two
brady- slow
circum- around
contra- opposite
de- down; away from
di- twice; double
dia- through, complete
dys- difficult
ect(o)- out, outside
end(o) inside, within
epi- above, over
eu- good or normal
ex(o) outside, away from
extra- outside, in addition
hemi- half
hyper- over/excessive or high
hypo- under or below normal
in- into; without
infra- below or under
intra- inside or within
ipsi- same
iso- equal (isotonic fluid = same as blood)
macro- large
mal- bad or abnormal
mega- large
meta- after; change
micro- small
mono- one; single
multi- many
neo- new
noct- night
nulli- none
oligi(o)- little; deficient
ortho- straight; normal
pan- all; entire
para- near; beside
per- through
peri- around
poly- many
post- after
pre- before
primi- first
pro- before; in front of
quadr(i) four
re- back
retro- backward; behind
semi- half; partial
sub- under; below
super- excessive or more than normal
supra- above; upper
sym- or syn- together, joined
tachy- fast
tetra- four
trans- across or through
tri- three
uni- one
-al or -algia pertaining to
-asthenia weakness
-blast immature cell
-cele pertaining to a tumor or swelling
-centesis pertaining to puncturing an organ or body cavity, often to drain excess fluid or obtain a sample for analysis
-cyte cell
-ectomy surgical removal of
-emesis vomiting
-emia presence in the blood
-esthesia sensation or perception
-genic causing
-gram record
-graph instrument used to create a record
-ia condition of
-ic pertaining to
-itis inflammation
-lysis decline or destruction
-megaly enlargement of
-meter measuring instrument
-ology science or study of
-oma tumor
-osis pertaining to a disease process
-ostomy surgical creation of an opening
-pathy disease or a system for treating disease
-phagia eating or swallowing
-phasia speech
-phobia irrational fear
-plasty plastic surgery
-plegia paralysis
-pnea breathing
-ptosis drooping
-rrhea, -rrhage or -rrhagia abnormal or excessive flow
-rrhaphy suture or repair of
-scope instrument for examination
-sis a process or condition
-stasis slowing or stopping of the normal flow
-taxis order, arrangement of
-trophic nutrition
A&P Anatomy and Physiology
a (with a line over it) before
AAA abdominal aortic aneurysm
abd abdomen
ABCs Airway, Breathing, Circulation
ac before meals
ACLS Advanced Cardiac Life Support
ADL or ADLs Activities of Daily Living
ad lib as desired
AED Automated External Defibrillator
AF or A-Fib atrial fibrillation
AICD Automated Implanted Cardioverter Defibrillator
AIDS Acquired Immuno-Deficiency Syndrome
AK above the knee
AKA above the knee amputation
AMA against medical advise
amb ambulatory
AMI acute myocardial infarction
ant anterior
AOx4 or A/Ox4 alert and oriented to person, place, time, and event
AP anterior-posterior (front and back)
ARDS Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome
ASA aspirin (acetylsalicyclic acid)
ASHD arteriosclerotic or atherosclerotic heart disease
BGL blood glucose level
bid, b.i.d., or BID twice daily
BKA below knee amputation
BM bowel movement
BP or B/P blood pressure
BPM beats per minute
BS blood sugar; breath sounds; bowel sounds
BSA body surface area
BVM bag-valve mask
bx biopsy
c (with a line over it) with
(degree sign) C degrees Celsius
CA cancer; cardiac arrest; coronary artery
CABG ("cabbage") coronary artery bypass graft
CAD coronary artery disease
CBC complete blood cell count
CC or c/c chief complaint
CCU coronary care unit
C diff clostridium difficile
CHF Congestive Heart Failure
cm centimeter
CNS central nervous system
c/o complaining of
CO cardiac output or carbon monoxide
CO2 carbon dioxide
COLD chronic obstructive lung disease
COPD chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
CP chest pain or cerebral palsy
CPR cardiopulmonary resuscitation
CRNA certified registered nurse anesthetist
CRT capillary refill time
CSF cerebrospinal fluid
CVA cerebrovascular accident (stroke)
DM diabetes mellitus
DNR Do Not Resuscitate
DOA dead on arrival
DOE dyspnea on exertion
DON director of nursing
DtaP of DPT diptheria, tetanus, and pertussis vaccine; second = doctor of physical therapy
DSD dry sterile dressing
DTs dementia tremens
DVT deep vein thrombosis
Dx diagnosis
ECG or EKG electrocardiogram
ED emergency department or erectile dysfunction
EDC estimated date of confinement (due date)
EEG electroencephalogram
ENT ears, nose, and throat
EOC emergency Operations Center
ER emergency room
ET or ETT endotracheal tube
ETA estimated time of arrival
ETCO2 end-tidal carbon dioxide
ETOH ethyl alcohol
(degree sign) F degrees Fahrenheit
FiO2 fraction of inspired oxygen
FBS fasting blood sugar
Fe iron
FHR fetal heart rate
FHx family history
fl or fld fluid
fx fracture
GB gall bladder
GCS Glasgow Coma Scale
GERD gastroesophageal reflux disease
GI gastointestinal
GSW gun shot wound
gtt or gtts drops
GTT glucose tolerance test
GU genitourinary
gyn gynecology
h or hr hour
H&P history and physical
HA or H/A headache
Hb or Hgb hemoglobin
HBV hepatitis C virus
HH hiatal hernia
HIV Human Immuno-Deficiency Virus
H2O water
HPI history of present illness
HR heart rate
HTN hypertension (high blood pressure)
Hx history
I&O input and output
ICP intracranial pressure
ICS incident command system or intercostal space
ICU intensive care unit
IDDM Insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus
IM intramuscular
IMS incident management system
IO intraosseous (in bone)
IPPB intermittent positive-pressure breathing
IUD intrauterine (contraceptive) device
IV intravenous
JVD jugular vein distention
kg kilogram
LE lower extremity; left eye; lupus erythematosus
LLL left lower lung
LLQ left lower quadrant
L/M or LPM liters per minute
LMP last menstrual period
LOC level (or loss) of consciousness
LUL left upper lobe (of lung)
LUQ left upper quadrant
LVAD left ventricular assist device
MAE moves all extremities
MAEW moves all extremities well
mg milligram
MI myocardial infarction (heart attack)
MICU mobile (or medical) intensive care unit
min minute
mL milliliter
mm millimeter
mm Hg millimeters of mercury
MOI mechanism of injury
MRI magnetic resonance imaging
MRSA methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus
MVA or MVC motor vehicle accident or crash
MVP mitral valve prolapse
NA, N/A not applicable
NAD no apparent distress
nc nasal cannula
NG nasogastric
NICU neonatal intensive care unit
NIDDM non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus
NKA no known allergies
NKDA no known drug allergies
NPA nasopharyngeal airway
NPO nil per os (nothing by mouth)
NRB or NRBM non-rebreather mask
NS Normal Saline (fluid)
NSR Normal Sinus Rhythm (heart rhythm on EKG)
NTG nitroglycerin
N/V(/D) nausea and vomiting (and diarrhea)
O2 oxygen
OB obstetrics
OBS Organic Brain Syndrome
OD Overdose; right eye; doctor of optometry
OP outpatient
OPA oropharyngeal airway
OR operating room
OS left eye
OU both eyes
oz ounce
p (with line over it) after
pc after meals
PCO2 partial pressure of carbon dioxide
PDR Physician's Desk Reference
PE pulmonary embolism or physical exam
PEARL, PERL, (PEARRL), or [PEARLA] pupils equal and (round/regular) reactive to light (and [accomodation]
ped or peds pediatric
PEEP positive end-expiratory pressure
PID pelvis inflammatory disease
PMH past medical history
PND paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea (sudden SOB at night)
po per os (by mouth) or post-op
PRN pro re nata (as needed)
psi per square inch
(P)SVT (paroxysmal) supraventricular tachycardia = sudden fast heart rate with a narrow QRS
pt patient or physical therapy
PTA prior to arrival
PVC premature ventricular contraction (wide QRS)
PVD peripheral vascular disease
q every
RA rheumatoid arthritis or right atrium
RAD reactive airway disease or right axis deviation (12-lead)
RBCs red blood cells
Rh Rhesus blood factor
RLL right lower lobe of lung
RLQ right lower quadrant
RN registered nurse
R/O rule out
ROM range of motion; rupture of membranes (OB)
RUL right upper lobe of lung
RUQ right upper quadrant
Rx prescription
s (with line over it) without
SaO2 oxygen saturation (of arterial blood)
SC or SubQ subcutaneous
SICU surgical intensive care unit
SIDS sudden infant death syndrome
SL sublingual
SOB shortness of breath
SpO2 saturation of peripheral blood (capillary)
S/S or S&S signs and symptoms
stat immediately
STD sexually transmitted disease
STEMI ST-Elevation Myocardial Infarction
sym or Sx symptoms
tab tablet
TB tuberculosis
TBA to be announced or admitted
tech technician or technologist
TIA transient ischemic attack
tid, t.i.d., or TID three times a day
Tx treatment
UA urinalysis
UE upper extremity
URI upper respiratory infection
UTI urinary tract infection
VD venereal disease
VF or V-Fib ventriuclar fibrillation (AED shock)
VRE vancomycin-resistant enterococcus
VS vital signs
VT or V-Tach ventricular tachycardia (pulseless = AED shock)
W/ with
WBC white blood cells
WMD weapons of mass destruction
WNL within normal limits (do not use)
W/O without
wt weight
x (with a line over it) except
yo or y/o year old
Created by: EMSPlatypus