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Nursing-Quiz 2

This part of the humerus is closer to the elbow than to the axillary region: Distal
The sternal area is: superior to the diaphragm, refered to as the breast bone, superficial to the mediastinum
Which of the following is not descriptive of the mediastinum: thoracic cavity; dorsal cavity; ventral cavity; superior to the diaphragm. Dorsal cavity
The frontal plane: Is also the coronal plane
Which of the following is true of water: is a molecule; is an aqueous solvent; is a compound? all of the above
What describes the ATP? It is an energy transfer molecule
Which of the following is not true of the mitochondria? Mitochondria are sites of protein synthesis
Which of the foll. is incorrect reg. the cellular organelles: most ATP is produced in the mitochondria; lysosomes contain potent enzymes that digest cellualr waste; most DNA is locatedin the Golgi appparatus; the RER is concerned with protein synthesis most DNA is located in the Golgi apparatus
Which of the foll. is true of the Kerbs cycle and electron transport chain enzymes? Are located within the miotochondria
Which of the foll. is not characteristic of gylcolysis: occurs within cytoplasm; operates anaerobically; forms lactic acid; completedly metabolises glucose to CO2, H2O and energy. completely metabolises glucose to CO2, H2O and energy
Which of the following is NOT characteristic of urea? An essential amino acid
Characteristics of amino acids? Joined together by peptide bonds; building blocks of protein
Monosaccarides: includes glucose, fructose and lactose
Describe glycogen? Can be converted to glucose, thereby elevating the blood glucose level
Cocci, bacilli, and curved rods: are types of bacteria
Which of the following is most descriptive of Staphyloccus? Gram-positive
Which of the foll. is NOT characteristic of epithelial tissue: arranged like floor tiles; simple, cuboidal, and columnar; large amt. of mineral-containing intracellular matrix; gives rise to endocrine & exocrine glands large amt. of mineral-containing intracellular matrix
Adipose tissue is: a type of connective tissue that stores fat
With regard to the pleural membrane: there is a visceral and parietal plueral membrane
The pleurae and peritoneoum: are serous membranes
Epithelial tissue is avascular, meaning that: it has no blood supply (contains no blood vessels)
The epidermis is noursihed by: blood vessels in the underlying dermis
What is stratum corneum: is the dead layer that is sloughed off
Osteoclastic activity: stimulates bone breakdown
The atlas (C1) and axis (C2): are vertebrae that allow the head to move (Atlas – supports the skull and allows to say ‘yes’, up and down while Axis – side to side you say ‘No’)
Depression of the red bone marrow: causes a life threatening decline in blood cells
What does actin and myosin do: Slide against each other
What happens when calcium is pumped back into the sacroplasmic reticulum? Muscle relaxes
What is Broca’s area? Is the name of the frontal eye field area
The sciatic nerve: is a motor nerve that innervates (supply an organ or part of body with nerves )thigh muscles
The retina: contains rods and cones
What is the consequence of diminished blood flow to the choroid? The retina dies
Which of the foll. does NOT describe the middle ear: contains malleus, incus, stapes; connects with the pharynx by the eustachian tube; location of the organ of corti; concerened with bone conduction location of the organ of corti
Function of insulin lowers blood glucose level
The erythocyte: contains haemoglobin and transports O2
What is NOT true of the heart? The precordium is composed of cardiac muscle
Describe myocardium: composed of contractile proteins; thicker in the ventricles than in the atria; thicker in the left ventricle than in the right ventricle
Function of the valve: regulates direction of the blood flow through the heart
Decsirbe aortic valve: Sees oxygenated blood; causes LVH if the valve is stenotic; classified as a semilunar valve
What is cardiac output? It is determined by heart rate and stroke volume
Which of the following is NOT true about the capillaries: called the exchange vessels; membranes have holes and pores; connect arteries and the veins; have valves have valves
The purpose of the hepatic portal system is to : deliver blood that is rich in digestive end products to the liver
Which of the following is descriptive of the aorta: largest and strongest of the arteries; lined with large valves; BP in aorta is lower than in the veins largest and strongest of the arteries
What happens in the dehydrated state? The capillary filtration pressure decreases and tissue fluid is absorbed in the capillaries
Which of the foll is the least characteristic of adenoids: considered lymph organs; are tonsils; cannot be surgically removed; cells that fight infection cannot be surgically removed
Which complecation is most apt to develop in the patient who has had a breast removed (mastectomy) and lymph node dissection? Lymphedema
What are tonsils? Pharyngeal tonsils are called adenoids
What best describes the Killer T cell; Helper T cell; Memory T cell and suppressor T cell Clone
Plasma cells: Secrete antibodies
What is the primary conceren regarding the care of a person experiencing an anaphylactic reaction? Inability to breathe
What is the least descriptive of a vaccine: artificially aquired immunity; active imunity; passive, immediate onset, short lived immunity passive, immediate onset, short lived immunity
Inflammation is: characterised by redness, heat, swelling and pain
The bronchi, bronchioles and alveoli are: collectively referred to as the bronchial tree
What best describes the visceral and parietal pleura? They are serous membranes
If intraplueral pressure equals or exceeds intrapulmonic pressure The lung collapses
What does NOT happen while inhalation? Pressure within the intrapleural space becomes positive
What describes the boyle’s law? An increase in the thoracic volume decreases intrapulmonic pressure
Most important function of the stomach? Deliver chyme to the duedenum at the proper rate
Which of the foll. is NOT a function of the liver: blood-clotting factors; makes bile; secretes cholecystokinin & secretin; store fat soluble vitamins secretes cholecystokinin & secretin
Micturation: refers to urination
ADH determines the membrane permeability of the collecting to water
Why is glucose normally NOT excreted in the urine? All filtered glucose is re-absorbed
Which is least true about Aldosterone: is a mineralcorticoid; determines membrane permeability of the collecting duct to H2O determines membrane permeability of the collecting duct to H2O
In male, Luteinizing hormone: is also called ICSH and stimulates the interstitial cells to secrete testosterone
In the non-pregnant state: hormonal secretion of the corpus luteum gradually declines
Human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG): maintains the corpus luteum
Which structure ejects both semen and urine? Urethra
Whats NOT true about of testosterone: classified as androgen; secreted by anterior pituitary glands; necessary for the maturation of sperm secreted by anterior pituitary glands
Implantation: is a uterine event achieved by the blastocyst
Created by: Abraham321