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Frizzell Vocab # 10

Fossil Fuels, Natural Resources and Soil

natural resource any useful material taken from the Earth that living organisms use and need to survive.
natural something not made or changed by humans; coming from the Earth
renewable resource is a resource that can be replaced naturally in a "short" amount of time.
nonrenewable resource is a resource that cannot be replaced in a "short" amount of time. It takes thousands/millions of years for these to form.
fossil fuels -are nonrenewable resources formed deep in the Earth from ancient organisms over millions of years
texture the way something feels when you touch it
sand a type of soil with very tiny, loose pieces of rock that cover beaches, deserts, etc.
loam a soil consisting of a mixture of varying amounts of clay, silt, and sand; this is good for growing plants
clay a type of soil with very fine particles; it has a thick, sticky texture when wet and it dries hard.
retain to keep in; to hold onto (opposite of drain)
drain to carry away; to draw off liquid from the surface; to flow off (opposite of retain)
petroleum (oil) -is a fossil fuel produced from remains of marine organisms buried under layers of ocean sediment for millions of years.
silt a type of soil which has much smaller particles than sandy soil; it’s smooth to the touch. and when wet, it’s soapy slick.
natural gas -is a fossil fuel produced from the ancient remains of marine (ocean) organisms buried in sediment for millions of years
coal -is a fossil fuel produced by ancient swamp plants buried under layers of sediment for millions of years
organic matter -the remains of once-living plants and animals.
capacity the largest amount or number that can be held or contained.
Created by: tfrizzell