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Scientists

TermDefinition
Marie Curie First woman to win Nobel Prize who is known for coining the term radioactivity. Applied radioactivity of radium to attacking diseased, tumor forming cells.
Albert Einstein Developed the theory of relativity which led to the famous equation E=mc2 (where energy and mass are related) and explained the expansion of the universe.
Isaac Newton Formulated the laws of motion and universal gravitation
Rosalind Franklin Contributed in the discovery of the double helix structure of DNA
Galileo Galilei Made supporting observations that the Sun was the center of the solar system and the planets orbited the Sun. Known for his observations of the phases of Venus, discovery of the moons of Jupiter, and analysis of sunspots
Charles Darwin Known for his contributions to the science of evolution
Louis Pasteur Best known for his invention of the technique of treating milk to stop bacterial contamination---known as pasteurization
Stephen Hawking First to set out a theory of cosmology that combines general theory of relativity (Einstein) and quantum physics. Physics and the universe
Nicolaus Copernicus Presented the first model of the Sun being at the center of the solar system (instead of the Earth)
Thomas Edison Inventor that developed many devices such as; the light bulb and the motion picture camera; that led to the establishment of new industries worldwide
Nikola Tesla Contributed to the design of the modern alternating current electricity supply system that is used to generate power over long distances.
Alexander Graham Bell patented the first practice telephone
Michael Faraday Established the basis for the concept of an electromagnetic field in physics and led to the creation of Faraday's Law which predicts how a magnetic field will interact with an electric circuit
Gregor Mendel Founder of the modern science of genetics with his pea plant experiments that established the rules of heredity
George Washington Carver Promoted the growth of alternative crops to cotton like peanuts and developed techniques to restore nitrogen into the soil and improve soils depleted by repeated plantings of cotton
James Watson One of the co-discoverers of the structure of DNA
Alfred Nobel Invented dynamite and the Nobel Peace Prizes
Francis Crick Co-discoverer of the structure of DNA along with Watson and Franklin
Ernest Rutherford Discovered the concept of radioactive "half-life", proved that radioactivity involved the breakdown of one chemical element into another, and explained the difference between alpha and beta radiation
Edwin Hubble Provided evidence that the farther away a galaxy is the faster it is moving which implies that the universe is expanding.
Created by: anicoleparks