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Nursing-Integumentar

Flank – Pertaining to rear section,
Patellar – Belonging to the patella/ knee cap,
Femoral – Pertaining to the Femur; Upper thigh between groin and knee,
Orbit – The bony cavity containing the Eyeball,
Antecubital – At the bend of the elbow,
Inguinal – Relating to the groin,
Scapula – the large flat triangular bone forming the shoulder blade,
Umbilicus – The naval; the circular depressed scar in the centre of the abdomen where the umbilical cord of the fetus was attached,
Popliteal – relating to the posterior part of the knee joint,
Buccal – Pertaining to the cheek or mouth region,
Digit – Fingers or toes,
Cranial – Pertaining to the cranium,
Abdominal – Abdomen/ Torso region,
Plantar – Relating to the sole of the foot,
Pectoral – Relating to the chest,
Cervical – Pertaining to the neck or the constricted part of an organ,
Occipital – relating to the occiput;the bone forming the back and base of the skull,
Gluteal – Buttock region; relates to the 3 muscles that form the fleshy part of the buttocks,
Axilla – An armpit,
Caudal – related to a cauda,
Pubic – Relating to the Pubic bone,
Brachial – Relating to the arm,
Cephalic – Related to or situated near the head,
Oral – Pertaining to the mouth region,
Deltoid – Muscle triangular in shape of the shoulder,
Sternum – The breastbone, the flat narrow bone in the centre of the anterior wall of the thorax.
Decoding – The cognitive processes used by the receiver of the message to make sense of what has been seen or heard.,
Feedback – The message sent back to the sender of the message that helps the sender determine whether the meaning of the message conveyed has been received in the manner in which it was intended.
Encoding – The cognitive process that occurs in the mind of the person who sends the message. These thoughts are translated into a code to be transmitted to the person who is to receive the message,
Perspiration is the substance produced by Sudoriferous glands
A burn that involves the entire epidermis and some of the dermis is a 2nd Degree Burn
Equilibruim – The equalisation of components,
Benign – Non cancerous tumor cells,
Catabolism – Chemical reactions that break down more complex substances into simpler substances,
Metastasis – The spreading of cancer cells from one part of the body to another,
Hypotonic – Increased water within a cell causing the cells to burst,
Phagocytosis – The engulfing of solid particles by the cell membrane (cellular eating),
Anabolism – Chemical reactions that build larger, more complex structures from simpler substances,
Colonisation – The presence of microorganisms but they that are not causing illness,
Thermoregulation – Homeostatic regulation of body temperature by adjustments in the heat producing and heat losing mechanisms,
Isotonic – Same concentration as intracellular fluid,
Diffusion – The process in which a liquid or gas disperses,
Hypertonic – Decreased water within a cell resulting in a shrunken cell,
Disease – The failure of the body to function "normally",
Malignant – Cancerous tumor cellls,
Endocytosis – Intake of food or fluid by the cell membrane,
Faciliated Diffusion – A helper molecule within the membrane assists in the movement of substances from a higher to a lower concentration,
Metabolism – The series of chemical reactions necessary for the use of raw materials,
Pinocytosis – The engulfing of liquid droplets (cellular drinking),
Mitosis – Division of cellls into 2 identical cells,
Osmosis – The passage of fluid from a lower concentration to a higher concentration through a semipermeable membrane
The outermost layer of the skin is called the Epidermis
The most common form of skin cancer is Basal cell carcinoma
A group of tissues that performs a specific function is called an Organ
The human skin is made of two major layers; can you name them? Epidermis and Dermis
The cells producing the pigment responsible for skin color are the Melanocytes
The protein that helps protect the skin and underlying tissue is Keratin
"Subcutaneous tissue anchors the dermis to underlying structures and acts as an insulator therefore helping to prevent heat loss."
Created by: Abraham321