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Nursing-General Quiz

General Quiz

Superior (cranial) Towards the top/head
Inferior(caudal) Towards the feet/away from the head
Anterior (ventral) Towards the front
Posterior (dorsal) Towards the back
Medial Center of body, towards midline
Lateral Away from midline
Proximal Refers to the limbs only. Closer to the trunk or point of origin
Distal Limbs only. Further from the trunk of the body or point of origin
Superficial Superficial
Deep Away from the surface
Sagittal Plane Extends in the vertical direction and divides the body into left and right portions
Transverse (Horizontal) Plane Divides the body into top and bottom or superior and inferior. Perpendicular to the long axis of the body. Perpendicular to the Sagittal and frontal planes
Frontal Plane (Coronal Plane) Runs in the vertical direction but divides the body into anterior and posterior or front and back
2 body cavities Thoracic cavity, dorsal cavity
Thoracic cavity heart, lungs, trachea, esophagus, large blood vessels, and nerves
Dorsal cavity The smaller of the two main cavities is called the dorsal cavity. As its name implies, it contains organs lying more posterior in the body. Brain and spinal cord
Opposition brings the thumb and little finger together.
Reposition is a movement that moves the thumb and the little finger away from each other, effectively reversing opposition.
Abduction is a movement away from the midline – just as abducting someone is to take them away. For example, abduction of the shoulder raises the arms out to the sides of the body.
Adduction is a movement towards the midline. Adduction of the hip squeezes the legs together.
Flexion refers to a movement that decreases the angle between two body parts.
Extension refers to a movement that increases the angle between two body parts.
oral cavity the space in the mouth inside the teeth and gums and is filled with the tongue when it is relaxed.
nasal cavity in the nose
orbital cavities (left and right) hold the eyes
middle ear cavities (left and right) hold the small bones of the middle ear
synovial cavities are inside the joint capsules that surround freely moving joints (such as the hip, knee, elbow, and shoulder)
Antecubital region of the arm in front of the elbow
Brachial over the brachial artery in the upper arm
Buccal of or relating to the cheeks or the mouth
Femoral relating to the femur or thigh
Inguinal the groin or area in lower lateral regions of the abdomen
Popliteal region on the back of the knee
Scapular of or relating to the area near the shoulder blade (scapula)
Umbilical relating to the central area of the abdomen near the bellybutton
The longest bone in the body is the ... femur
The largest organ in the human body is the ... skin
How many bones are there in the human foot? 26
Red and white blood cells are formed in the ... bone marrow
Calcium is a major component of ... bones
The study of bones is called ... osteology
The smallest bone in the human body is the stapes
A band of fibrous connective tissue connecting one bone to another is called a ... ligament
Tendons are made of ... elastic tissue
Cartilage is ... protective covering on the surface of bone
Which joints are highly moveable? synovial joints
A ball and socket joint is which type of joint ... synovial
An adult human's skeleton accounts for what percentage of their body weight? 14%
Which of the following is the anatomical name for the 'collar bone'? clavicle
What's the hardest bone in the human body? mandile
Which of the following is the largest internal organ? small intestine (6 meters long)
Where would you find the uvula? at the top of the throat
The sac which surrounds the heart is known as the … pericardium
What is the anatomical term for the area of the nose that separates the nostrils? septum
What is the correct anatomical name for the 'tailbone'? The coccyx
What is the scientific term for fatty tissue in the body? Adipose tissue
What's the smallest organ in the human body? the pineal gland near the center of the brain, in a groove between the hemispheres.
Normal Vital Signs Heart rate (pulse) * Respiratory rate * Blood pressure * Body temperature * BGL
Which is the hardest substance of the body? Enamel
What is compartment syndrome? Compartment syndrome occurs when excessive pressure builds up inside an enclosed muscle space in the body. Thus reducing the blood flow in the capillaries.
Causes of compartment Syndrome Crush injuries* Burns* Overly tight bandaging* Prolonged compression of a limb* during a period of unconsciousness" Surgery to blood vessels of an arm or leg* A blood clot in a blood vessel in an arm or leg*
What does visceral mean? the internal organs of the body, specifically those within the chest (as the heart or lungs) or abdomen (as the liver, pancreas or intestines).
How long does fetal skull takes to form? 24 months
How many types of muscle are there? 600
What is a Baker's cyst? A Baker's cyst is a pocket of fluid that forms a lump behind the knee. It is also called a popliteal cyst.
Created by: Abraham321