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EBP Chapter 10 M7

Data Collection Methods

Closed-ended questions Type of format in which subjects are asked to select an answer from several choices
Instrument A device, piece of equipment, or paper-and-pencil test that measures a concept of variable of interest
Interview schedule/guide List of topics or an open-ended questionnaire administered to subjects by a skilled interviewer. Sometimes referred to as an interview guide
Likert scale Sometimes referred to as a summative scale. Respondents are asked to respond to a series of statements that reflect agreement or disagreement. Most Likert scales consist of five scale points, designated by the words "strongly agree", "agree", "undec.,etc.
Open-ended questionnaire Type of format in which subjects are asked to provide specific answers
Q methodology Sorting technique used to characterize opinions, attitudes, or judgements of individuals through comparative rank ordering
Questionnaire A structured survey that is self-administered or interviewer-administered
Response set bias The tendency for subjects to respond to items on a questionnaire in a way that does not reflect the real situation accurately
Semantic differential scale Set of scales, using pairs of adjectives that reflect opposite feelings
Scale A set of numerical values assigned to responses that represent the degree to which respondents possess a particular attitude, value, or characteristics
Survey A method of collecting data to describe, compare, or explain knowledge, attitudes, or behaviors
Visual analogue scale Type of scale that measures subjective phenomena (ex: pain, fatigue, SOB, anxiety). The scale is 100 mm long with anchors at each end quantifying intensity. Subjects are asked to mark a point on the line indicating the amount of that phenomenon
Biophysical measure
Categorical response
Continuous response
Hawthorne effect People act like they're supposed to when someone is watching them. They know they are being watched/graded, so they act according to the rules and standards even though they might not act like that all the time when they aren't being watched.
Open-ended response
Created by: jessmgar