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APS Final

My APS Final test

What is the New Jersey Plan? A unicameral legislature with equal representation of states instead of by population.
Who are Federalists? Supporters of the Constitution. Examples: James Madison, George Washington, Alexander Hamilton, and Benjamin Franklin
What is Gerrymandering? The drawing of district boundaries for political advantage.
What is the Virginia Plan? A bicameral legislature and states are represented by population.
What does the 17th amendment say? State citizens elect the senator and if seat becomes vacant then governor does it.
What is popular sovereignty? The idea that the government is created by the and subject to the will of the people.
What are checks and balances? Each branch of government is able to limit the powers of the other branches.
What is judicial review? The judicial branch can check the power of the legislative and executive branches by declaring acts unconstitutional.
What is a pocket veto? The president can reject a bill, when Congress is not in session, by not signing it.
What are the articles of confederation? The document that created the 1st central government in the US, and was replaced by the Constitution in 1789.
What is the Connecticut Compromise? The combination of the NJ and VA plan. Bicameral legislature, House of Reps based on population, and 2 senators for equal representation.
Who are antifederalists? The ones who were against the Constitution. Examples: Samuel Adams, Patrick Henry, and Richard Henry Lee
What is filibuster? To keep talking and talking until no one wants to vote anymore and it kills the bill.
What does the 19th amendment do? Women's right to vote.
What does the 26th amendment do? People 18 or older can vote.
What are expressed powers? Powers granted to the national government word for word by the Constitution. Examples: taxes, declare war,and regulate commerce
What are implied powers? Powers that are not specifically listed in the Constitution, but are logical extensions of expressed powers or suggested by them. Examples: building highways
What is impeachment? Bringing charges of wrongdoing against a government official.
What is a pigeonhole? A bill that is set aside and no action is taken on it.
What is seperation of powers? Division of government powers among the branches.
What is lobbying? Trying to persuade and influence decisions of the government.
What is poll tax? A tax that must be paid in order to be able to vote.
What is the Rules Committee? They schedule a full house debate to debate a bill. If not scheduled, the bill is killed.
Who is the Speaker of the House? The leader of majority party. Has two main duties: preside over things and keep order. Guides debate, who gets to talk, and when to vote on a bill. Current is Nancy Pelosi.
What is the President Pro Tempore? Presides over the senate in the absence of the Vice President.
What is Whip? Representatives of each party who are 2nd-in-command and important because they determine how party members should/will vote.
What is Communism? Based on what Karl Marx wrote where state controls the production and distribution of goods. Social classes and private ownership are discourage.
What is Federalism? The power is divided among a central government and territorial subdivisions. Examples: U.S.= national, state, and local governments
What is Socialism? The government controls resources and industries.
What is a platform? A party's stand on important issues and the party's general principles.
Bias? Your own view or opinion on certain issues.
Created by: angelnic10