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MEDICAL TERMINOLOGY

CHAPTERS 7 TO 13

QuestionAnswer
Pharmacy/o Drug or medicine
PO via mouth
IV intravenous
IM intramuscular
SC subcutaneous
PR via rectum
SL sublingual
PV via vagina
TOP topical
BD twice a day
TDS three times a day
QDS four times a day
OD once a day
Noctre night
Mane morning
2/24 two hourly
6/24 six hourly
4/24 four hourly
8/24 eight hourly
What are schedule 8 drugs? Controlled drugs & poisons for therapeutic use that has potential for abuse & addiction.
What is the difference between generic & trade name drugs? No difference except in packaging & inactive ingredients. Active ingredients remain the same.
Analgesic Cures pain
Anti-hypertensive Lowers blood pressure
Anticoagulant Thins the blood
Antihistamine Blocks the action of histamine
Neur nerve
Cephal or cerebr head
Crani skull
Enceph brain
-logy study of
Neurology Study of the nervous system
Analgesia Medication to relieve pain
Anaesthetic Causes insensitivity to pain
Paraplegic Paralysis of lower body
Paraesthesia Pins & needles
Epidural Anaesthetic around dura matter of spinal cord
Encephalitis Inflammation of the brain
CNS Central nervous system
CP Cerebral palsy
EEG Electroencephalogram
MS Multiple sclerosis
CSF Cerebrospinal fluid
CVA Cerebrovascular accident or stroke
LP Lumbar puncture
TIA Trans ischaemic attack or mini stroke
Paralysis affecting both legs? Paraplegia
Paralysis affecting 4 limbs? Quadriplegia
Paralysis of one side of the body? Hemiplegia
Anaencephaly Skull & cerebral hemisphere of brain removal
Epilepsy Abnormal electrical activity in the brain
Sciatica Pain affecting back, hip & outer side of leg
Hydrocephalis Fluid accumulating in brain
Microcephlay Abnormally small head, incomplete brain
CVS Cardiovascular system
GIT Bowel actions
ADH Antidiuretic hormone
GTT Glucose tolerance test
HGH Human growth hormone
TSH Thyroid stimulating hormone
Adrenal crisis Life threatening condition, not enough cortisol produced
Insulin dependent diabetes Chronic condition, pancreas produces little or no insulin
Goitre Swelling of the neck from enlarged thyroid gland
Tetany Intermittent muscle spasms, malfunction of parathyroid glands
Polydipsia Abnormally great thirst
Thyrotoxicosis Excessive quantities of thyroid hormone
Addisons disease Deficient adrenocortical secretion
Diabetes Mellitus type 1 Not enough insulin produced
Diabetes Mellitus type 2 Long term metabolic disorder
Thyroidectomy Surgical removal of part or all of the thyroid gland
home/o same
estr/o female
crin/o secrete
natr/o sodium
acr/o extremity
-tropic stimulating
glyc/o sugar
kal/o potassium
andr/o male
-dipsia thirst
-ism process or condition
calc/o calcium
hyper- increase or excessive
hypo- decrease or deficient
poly- many or much
A Doctor who specialises in the endocrine system? Endocrinologist
Cardi heart
My muscle
vasc or angi blood vessel
ven or phleb vein
arteri or arter artery
coron coronary vessel or circle, crown
haemat or heme blood
erythr red
thromb clot
leuc white
myel bone marrow or spinal
pericardis Inflammation of the pericardium (around the heart)
Phlebitis Inflammation of a vein
bradycardia slow pulse rate
vasoconstriction constriction of blood vessels
vasodilation dilation of blood vessels
anteriogram x-ray of blood vessels (arteries)
cardiocenthesis Puncture of heart chamber for diagnosis or therapy
brady slow
tachy fast
-aemia condition of blood
-cardia condition of the heart
-logy study of
aneursym Excessive localised enlargement of an artery
asystole heart ceases to beat
cardiac arrest temporary stoppage of the heart
ischaemia Restriction of blood supply to tissues
syncope loss of consciousness
angina pectoris chest pain
AAA abdominal aortic aneurysm
AMI acute myocardial infarction
ECG electrocardiogram
BP blood pressure
DVT deep vein thrombosis
PE pulmonary embolism
CCF congestive cardiac failure
haematoma localised swelling filled with blood
haemorrhage escape of blood from ruptured vessel
leucopenia low white blood cell count
thromboctopenia low blood platelet count
anaemia less than normal red blood cells
path/o disease
The study of diseases? pathology
Specialist who studies diseases? pathologist
haematology study of the blood
immunology study of immune system
biochemistry study of body electrolytes
microbiology study of microbes
C/S culture & sensitivity
MSU midstream urine sample
FBC full blood count
U/A urine analysis
LFT liver function test
venipunture taking blood from veins
pap smear taking cells from cervix
What is culture & sensitivity test? Finding which antibiotics a microbe is susceptible to
in vivo in the body
in vitro in test tube
autopsy check body after death
Full Blood Count Check full blood analysis
Cross match Find blood group & sample against others
U/E urea & electrolytes
FBS fasting blood sugar
radi/o x-ray
ech/o reflected sound
tom/o slice or section
What is a Doctor of medical imaging called? Radiologist
Someone who takes pictures in x-rays? Radiographer
x-ray electromagnetic radiation
CT computed tomography
MRI magnetic resonance imaging
U/S ultrasound
PET position emission tomography
-graph instrument for recording something
-gram a written record
-oedema accumulation of fluid in body tissue
-rrhaphy suture
-immune safe
lymphadi/o lymph vessel
lymphaden/o lymph gland
-rrhagia bursting forth
auto- self
inter- between
-stitial to place
-megaly enlargement
splen/o spleen
thym/o thymus gland
Organ that filters unwanted material from lymph? lymph node
Leukocytes that eat unwanted material? phagocytes
Lymphoid tissue that stores red blood cells? spleen
Structure in the throat that filters bacteria? tonsils
White blood cells that kill cancerous cells? T-cells
Cells that produce antibodies? B-cells
Accumulation of fluid in body tissue? oedema
Any substance causing an allergic reaction? allergen
Abnormal hypersensitivity to an allergen? allergy
bronchitis Inflammation of the breathing tubes
bronchoscopy Technique to look inside airways
laryngoscopy A flexible, lighted tube used to examine inside the larynx
pharyngotomy Surgical incision into the throat
apnoea Transient stopping of breathing
spirometry A test to diagnose diseases of the lungs
bronch/o bronchus
muc/o mucus
thorac/o chest
pleur/o pleural cavity
trache/o trachea
-ptysis spitting
tonsill/o tonsils
ox/o oxygen
-ectasis dilation
pector/o chest
phren/o diaphragm
olig/o few
pulmon/o lung
rhin/o nose
-ar pertaining to
eu- normal
ortho- straight
-phonia voice
Root word meaning a condition of breathing? -pnoea
Root word meaning pulse? -sphyxia
Why is it important to adhere to Policies & Procedures while working in health care? A high level of patient care; Keep nurses on task; Safety for patients & staff; Ensures patients receive the care they need; Ensures nurses can work quickly to stabalise a patient; Prioritising critical issues.
Name some of the legislation & nursing codes of practice in Australia? Drugs, Poisons & Controlled Substances Act; Mental Health Act; Nurses Act; Coroners Act; Health Professions Registration Act; Anti Discrimination Laws; Code of Professional Conduct for Nurses in Australia; Code of Ethics for Nurses in Australia; OSH.
What is the AHPRA & some of it's functions? Responsible for the national registration & accreditation scheme across Australia. It works with 14 National Health Practitioner Boards. It undertakes domestic & International criminal history checks.
stomat or 'or' mouth
gastr stomach
enter intestine
col colon
chol bile
lapar abdomen
hepet liver
gastroscopy Examination of upper digestive tract
gingivitis Inflammation of the gums
enteropathy Excessive loss of enteric plasma proteins
gastroscopy Visual examination of the stomach
pancreatitis Inflammation of the pancreas
Surgical procedure where large intestine is brought through abdominal wall? colostomy
Surgical procedure making large incision through the abdominal wall? laparotomy
anorexia no appetite
ascites accumulation of fluid
cirrhosis destruction of
malaena bleeding in gastro tract
occult blood hidden blood
cholelithiasis Little stones in gall bladder
cholecystitis Inflammation of the gall bladder
D & V diarrhoea & vomiting
NG nasal gastric
NBM nil by mouth
BNO bowels not open
IBS irritable bowel syndrome
UC ulcerative colitis
Ba Barrium
-tripsy crushing
cholecyst/o gallbladder
stomat/o mouth
-flux flow
cholang/o bile duct
lapar/o abdomen
choledoch/o common bile duct
hepat/o liver
gingiv/o gums
labi/o lips
gloss tongue
ile/o ileum
orex/o appetite
-emesis vomiting
-phagia swallowing
-stomy new opening
mal- bad
Colour for Medical Emergency BLUE
Colour for Fire/Smoke RED
Colour for Infrastructure Emergency YELLOW
Colour for Personal Threat BLACK
Colour for Bomb Threat PURPLE
Colour for External Emergency BROWN
Colour for Evacuation ORANGE
dia through/complete
-plasia formation/development
py/o pus
pyel/o renal pelvis
vesic/o bladder
meat/o opening of urethra
noct/o night
lith/o stone
-lysis separation/breakdown
-uria condition of urine
UTI urinary tract infection
IVP intravenous pyelogram
anuria absence of urine
dysuria painful urination
haematuria blood in the urine
glycosuria abnormal amounts of sugar in the urine
pyuria pus in the urine
nocturia excessive urination during the night
polyuria frequent urination
orchid/o testicle
varic/o dilated, twisted veins
-potence power
-spadias opening
-cele protrusion/hernia
balan/o glans penis
ante- before
episio- vulva
colp/o vagina
gyne/o woman
salping/o fallopian tube
men/o month
-arche beginning
metr/o uterus
oophor/o ovary
-rrhaphy birthing forth
lact/o milk
mamm/o breast
Another name for bulbourethral gland? Cowpers gland
The urinary meatus is also known as? urethral oriface
Tip of the penis is called? glans penis
The sac containing the testes is called? scrotum
Another name for foreskin? prepuce
Tube carrying semen from testes to urethra? vas deferens
Secretes oestrogen & progesterone? ovary
Holds the foetus during pregnancy? uterus
Lubricates the vagina during intercourse? bartholins
Transports the egg to the uterus? fallopian tubes
Ovulation occurs in? ovaries
Acts as the birth canal? vagina
# fracture
a.c. before meals
ADL activities of daily living
AF atrial fibrillation
AKA above knee amputation
ARF acute renal failure
BCC basal cell carcinoma
c/o complaining of
CA cancer
a- or an- absent or without
ab- away from
ad- towards
ecto- outside
endo- inside
epi- above/upon
-ac pertaining to
-aesthenia lack of strength
-centhesis puncture to remove fluid
-crine to secrete
-emesis vomiting
eu- normal/good
ex- out of
hemi- half
Created by: Sarah7cog