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Wetlands

Practice Questions on the types of wetlands and their functions

QuestionAnswer
What is a wetland? An area where water covers the soil or is present either at or near the surface of the soil all year or for varying periods of time during the year, including during the growing season
What 3 categories help classify wetland type? 1. Landscape position 2. Vegetation cover 3. Hydrologic regime
What are the four types of wetlands? 1. Marshes 2. Swamps 3. Bogs 4. Fens
Which type of wetland is known for having very acidic water? Bogs
What is the similarity between bogs and fens? Both are peat-forming wetlands.
What are all wetlands good for? Reducing the risk of floods and absorbing excess nutrient pollution.
Which wetland contains woody vegetation? Swamps
Which wetland are cattails commonly found in? Marshes (but, if you said fens that can also be correct).
How does a bog receive its' water? Precipitation
Which wetland often contains tall grasses and sedges? Fens
Which wetland is home to the American crocodile? Swamps
Which wetland receives water from both surface water and groundwater sources? Marshes
Which wetland is known for sustainable harvesting of timber? Swamps
Which wetland may contain carnivorous plants? Bog
In Pennsylvania, would you find tidal or non-tidal wetlands? Non-tidal
Created by: korndorf