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music101

TermDefinition
BAROQUE PORTUGUESE JEWELERS CALLED ODDLY SHAPED, DISTORTED PEARLS "BAROCCO."
BAROQUE MUSICIAN EMPLOYEE
EMPLOYERS ROYALTY, OTHER NOBILITY, THE CHURCH
DOCTRINE OF ABSOLUTE POWER LOUIS XIV. THIS PERIOD IN HISTORY = AGE OF ABSOLUTISM L' etat c'est moi - the state is me.
JOHANN SEBASTIAN BACH 1685-1750 WROTE A DEDICATION TO THE MARGRAVE OF BRANDENBURG, LOOKING FOR A JOB. THE DEDICATION WAS ATTACHED TO THE MUSICAL SCORES (THE ACTUAL HANDWRITTEN MUSIC FOR THE INSTRUMENTS TO PLAY) OF SIX CONCERTOS. THESE WORKS HAVE COME TO BE KNOWN AS THE BRANDEN
CONCERTO A MUSICAL WORK FOR A SOLOIST OR SOLOISTS. ACCOMPANIED BY AN ORCHESTRA (LARGE OR SMALL).
MOVEMENT A DISTINCT, UNIQUE SECTION OF A WHOLE WORK. THINK OF AN ORANGE: ON ONE HAND, IT IS A WHOLE THING, BT IT IS MADE UP OF DISTINCT SMALLER PARTS.
MELODY SIMPLE, CATCHY TUNES THAT ARE MEMORABLE. THEY ARE SINGABLE. YOU DON'T HAVE TO HAVE WORDS TO BE A MELODY.
TEXTURE INTERACTION OF DIFFERENT MUSICAL LINES
IMITATIVE POLYPHONY SPECIFIC KIND OF TEXTURE - THE MUSICAL LINES ARE BASED ON THE SAME THEME (MELODY, TUNE, SEQUENCE OF NOTES)
NON-IMITATIVE POLYPHONY MUSICAL LINES ARE BASED ON DIFFERENT THEMES (MELODIES,ETC.)
CANTATA A WORK FOR CHORUS, VOCAL SOLOISTS AND ORCHESTRA WITH A TEXT THAT WAS BASED ON SACRED OR SCRIPTURAL WORDS. A SUNG COMPOSITION.
GEORG FRIEDRICH HANDEL B. GERMANY 1685. MOVED TO ENGLAND IN HIS TWENTIES (1712) MOST FAMOUS COMPOSITION: THE MESSIAH -(A WORK CALLED AN ORATORIO).
ORATORIO LARGE SCALE COMPOSITION FOR ORCHESTRA, CHORUS AND SOLOISTS BASED ON EITHER A BIBLICAL OR NON-BIBLICAL TEXT.
ANTONIO VIVALDI B. 1678-1741. BORN AND SPENT HIS LIFE IN ITALY. DIRECTOR OF MUSIC AT A SCHOOL FOR ORPHANED GIRLS IN VENICE. THE "RED PRIEST" BECAUSE OF HIS BRIGHT ORANGE HAIR. MOST FAMOUS COMPOSITION - A COLLECTION OF 4 CONCERTOS FOR SOLO VIOLIN AND STRING CALLED THE "F
WOLFGANG AMADEUS MOZART 1756-1791 SALZBURG, AUSTRIA SYMMETRY - BALANCE NEW CLASSICAL STYLE
BAROQUE PERIOD 1600-1750 NEGATIVE VALUE JUDGEMENT
BAROQUE STYLE CHARACTERISTICS EXHIBITED IN THE BRANDENBURG CONCERTOS; ONE OF THE MOST IMPORTANT CHARACTERISTICS OF THE MUSIC IS IT IS CONTINUOUS, WITH FEW, IF ANY PAUSES DURING A MOVEMENT.
TEMPO FAST MOVEMENTS THAN SLOW. STEADY; ALTERNATES BETWEEN FAST AND SLOW TEMPO MOVEMENTS: FAST MOVEMENTS FOLLOWED BY SLOW MOVEMENTS.
BEAT SOMETIMES QUITE AUDIBLE, BUT NOT ALWAYS AND IS STILL APPARENT. STEADY, CONSISTENT, EVENLY SPACED PULSE.
RHYTHM A LOT OF ACTIVITY, FOLLOWED BY SLOWER ACTION. BUSY ACTIVE RHYTHM DOMINATES THE STYLE. THE MUSIC IS CONTINUOUS - NO PAUSES OR RESTS.
PITCH FOCUSES MORE IN THE MUSIC ON HIGH PITCHES. SOMETIMES REFERRED TO AS "TREBLE-DOMINATED" STYLE.
TONE COLOR STRING INSTRUMENTS DOMINATED, SOME HAVE WOODWINDS. BRASS IN SOME CONCERTOS, NO DRUMS; HARPSICHORD IN EVERY MOVEMENT. EARLY VERSIONS OF WOODWINDS AND BRASS: FLUTES ARE BOTH RECORDER LIKE AND PLAYED SIDEWAYS; BRASS INSTRUMENTS DO NOT HAVE VALVES. INSTRUMENT
MELODY DOESN'T REALLY FEEL LIKE IT HAS "MELODIES" IN THE WAY WE UNDERSTAND THEM (SIMPLE, CATCHY TUNES THAT ARE MEMORABLE).
Created by: ellenln101